Adiantum capillus-veneris

名称状态:被SP2000收录,状态为:Adiantum capillus-veneris为接受名
科属名称:Pteridaceae(凤尾蕨科)  铁线蕨属
中文名:铁线蕨
形态描述:植株高15-40厘米。根状茎细长横走,密被棕色披针形鳞片。叶远生或近生;柄长5-20厘米,粗约1毫米,纤细,栗黑色,有光泽,基部被与根状茎上同样的鳞片,向上光滑,叶片卵状三角形,长10-25厘米,宽8-16厘米,尖头,基部楔形,中部以下多为二回羽状,中部以上为一回奇数羽状;羽片3-5对,互生,斜向上,有柄(长可达1.5厘米),基部一对较大,长4.5-9厘米,宽2.5-4厘米,长圆状卵形,圆钝头,一回(少二回)奇数羽状,侧生末回小羽片2-4对,互生,斜向上,相距6-15毫米,大小几相等或基部一对略大,对称或不对称的斜扇形或近斜方形,长1.2-2厘米,宽1-1.5厘米,上缘圆形,具2-4浅裂或深裂成条状的裂片,不育裂片先端钝圆形,具阔三角形的小锯齿或具啮蚀状的小齿,能育裂片先端截形、直或略下陷,全缘或两侧具有啮蚀状的小齿,两侧全缘,基部渐狭成偏斜的阔楔形,具纤细栗黑色的短柄(长1-2毫米),顶生小羽片扇形,基部为狭楔形,往往大于其下的侧生小羽片,柄可达1厘米;第二对羽片距基部一对2.5-5厘米,向上各对均与基部一对羽片同形而渐变小。叶脉多回二歧分叉,直达边缘,两面均明显。叶干后薄草质,草绿色或褐绿色,两面均无毛;叶轴、各回羽轴和小羽柄均与叶柄同色,往往略向左右曲折。孢子囊群每羽片3-10枚,横生于能育的末回小羽片的上缘;囊群盖长形、长肾形成圆肾形,上缘平直,淡黄绿色,老时棕色,膜质,全缘,宿存。孢子周壁具粗颗粒状纹饰,处理后常保存。
国内分布:河北、天津、北京、山西、河南、陕西、甘肃、新疆、安徽、江苏、浙江、江西、湖南、湖北、四川、重庆、贵州、云南、西藏、福建、台湾、广东、广西、海南、香港、澳门
全球观测记录分布(数据来自GBIF):
                    
序号标题卷册作者年份页码数据源
1浙江植物志,v1100 BHL中国
2安徽植物志,v179 BHL中国
3福建植物志,v188 BHL中国
4河北植物志,v1125 BHL中国
5河南植物志,v136 BHL中国
6横断山植物志,v上册55 BHL中国
7江西植物志,v1125 BHL中国
8秦岭植物志,v274 BHL中国
9四川植物志,v6301 BHL中国
10新疆植物志,v121 BHL中国
11西藏植物志,v196 BHL中国
12中国植物志,v3(1)214 BHL中国
13RhodoraIndex v.51-75 (1976)1976191 BHL全球
14Rhodorav.52 (1950)1950201 BHL全球
15Rhodorav.52 (1950)1950203 BHL全球
16Rhodorav.77 (1975)1975483 BHL全球
17Biologia Centrali-Americana :zoology, botany and archaeology /edited by Frederick Ducane Godman and Osbert Salvin.Botany v. 31882-1886607 BHL全球
18Biologia Centrali-Americana :zoology, botany and archaeology /edited by Frederick Ducane Godman and Osbert Salvin.Botany v. 41886-1888150 BHL全球
19Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.15 (1893)1893详情 BHL全球
20The Philippine journal of science.v.3 (1908)1908391 BHL全球
21Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club.v.24 (1897)1897149 BHL全球
22Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club.v.28 (1901)190146 BHL全球
23Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club.v.28 (1901)190147 BHL全球
24The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.37 (1904)1904480 BHL全球
25Rhodorav.37 (1935)1935190 BHL全球
26Bulletin de la Société botanique de France.v.47 (1900)1900102 BHL全球
27Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.131909-191212 BHL全球
28Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.131909-1912467 BHL全球
29Rhodorav.52 (1950)1950206 BHL全球
30Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.51897-1901228 BHL全球
31Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.61901311 BHL全球
32Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.38197434 BHL全球
33Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.381974288 BHL全球
34Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.25192548 BHL全球
35Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.19191521 BHL全球
36Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.82 (1995)1995299 BHL全球
37RhodoraIndex v.51-75 (1976)1976218 BHL全球
38Annual report Missouri Botanical Garden.1897 v.81897170 BHL全球
39Annual report Missouri Botanical Garden.1907 v.181907200 BHL全球
40Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club.v.27 (1900)1900425 BHL全球
41Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club.v.30 (1903)1903319 BHL全球
42Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club.v.30 (1903)1903349 BHL全球
43Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd series: Botanyv.2 (1881-1887)1881-87353 BHL全球
44Flora Brasiliensis, enumeratio plantarum in Brasilia hactenus detectarum :quas suis aliorumque botanicorum studiis descriptas et methodo naturali digestas partim icone illustratas /ediderunt Carolus Fridericus Philippus de Martius et Augustus Guilielmus Ev.1,pt.2C. F. P. von Martius (ed.)1840-1884366 BHL全球
45Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd series: Botanyv.1: no.6-9 (1879-1880)1879-1880597 BHL全球
46Carnegie Institution of Washington publication.no. 173, pt. 1 (1913)1913232 BHL全球
47Hardwicke's science-gossip : an illustrated medium of interchange and gossip for students and lovers of nature. v. 12 (1876)详情 BHL全球
48Hardwicke's science-gossip : an illustrated medium of interchange and gossip for students and lovers of nature. v. 26 (1890)92 BHL全球
49Report on the scientific results of the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76 : under the command of Captain George S. Nares, R.N., F.R.S. and Captain Frank Turle Thomson, R.N. / prepared under the superintendence of Sir C. Wyville Thomson.Botany, v.0183 BHL全球
50Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society.1911详情 BHL全球
51Naturalist (Maund, Hall & Wood.) 361 BHL全球
52Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). 151986129 BHL全球
53Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). 151986142 BHL全球
54Bulletin of the Natural History Museum. 30 (2)200090 BHL全球
55Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History).13 - 14157 BHL全球
56Ferns and fern allies of Guatemala. Robert G. Stolze ; the genus Elaphoglossum by: John T. Mickel ; the genus Thelypteris by: Alan R. Smith.n.s. no.6(1981)BHL全球
57Ferns and fern allies of Guatemala. Robert G. Stolze ; the genus Elaphoglossum by: John T. Mickel ; the genus Thelypteris by: Alan R. Smith.n.s. no.6(1981)20 BHL全球
58Ferns and fern allies of Guatemala. Robert G. Stolze ; the genus Elaphoglossum by: John T. Mickel ; the genus Thelypteris by: Alan R. Smith.n.s. no.6(1981)详情 BHL全球
59Pteridophyta of Peru. Rolla M. Tryon, Robert G. Stolze.n.s. no.22(1989)52 BHL全球
60Pteridophyta of Peru. Rolla M. Tryon, Robert G. Stolze.n.s. no.22(1989)53 BHL全球
61Pteridophyta of Peru. Rolla M. Tryon, Robert G. Stolze.n.s. no.22(1989)58 BHL全球
62Proceedings of the Dublin University Zoological and Botanical Association. 1-2229 BHL全球
63A floral and faunal inventory of the Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andohahela, Madagascar : with reference to elevational variation / Steven M. Goodman, editor.n.s. no.94(1999)48 BHL全球
64A floral and faunal inventory of the Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andohahela, Madagascar : with reference to elevational variation / Steven M. Goodman, editor.n.s. no.94(1999)49 BHL全球
65The Ohio journal of science.v. 7-9 (1906-1909)480 BHL全球
66A monograph of the British Uredineæ and Ustilagineæ, with an account of their biology including the methods of observing the germination of their spores and of their experimental culture. By Charles B. Plowright.1889325 BHL全球
67Problems of cytology and evolution in the Pteridophyta. 1950123 BHL全球
68Problems of cytology and evolution in the Pteridophyta. 1950125 BHL全球
69An illustrated flora of the Pacific States: Washington, Oregon, and California. 1192324 BHL全球
70Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.51897-1901147 BHL全球
71The Plant world.v. 20 (1917)169 BHL全球
72The American botanist : a monthly journal for the plant lover. 28-30, 1922-192441 BHL全球
73Transactions of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society ... 17, 1886-1887231 BHL全球
74The American botanist : a monthly journal for the plant lover. 12-15, 1907-190971 BHL全球
75Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze Valley, China. 195837 BHL全球
76Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze Valley, China. 195840 BHL全球
77Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze Valley, China. 1958579 BHL全球
78Botanical gazette.1-4, (1875-1879)134 BHL全球
79General embryological information service.v. 18, pt. 2 (1980)198030 BHL全球
80General embryological information service.v. 18, pt. 2 (1980)198043 BHL全球
81General embryological information service.v. 18, pt. 2 (1980)198058 BHL全球
82General embryological information service.v. 18, pt. 2 (1980)198090 BHL全球
83Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 32, Abt. 2 (1904)19041078 BHL全球
84General embryological information service.v. 17, pt. 2 (1978)197831 BHL全球
85General embryological information service.v. 17, pt. 2 (1978)197845 BHL全球
86General embryological information service.v. 17, pt. 2 (1978)197896 BHL全球
87General embryological information service.v. 16, pt. 2 (1976)197693 BHL全球
88The Floral world and garden guide. n.s. v.12 1869198 BHL全球
89The Floral world and garden guide. 6, 1863210 BHL全球
90The weekly florists' review. 3, 1898-1899227 BHL全球
91The Floral world and garden guide. 7, 1864191 BHL全球
92The weekly florists' review. 6, 1900548 BHL全球
93The Floral world and garden guide. n.s. v.11 1868222 BHL全球
94Annals of the Natal Museum.v. 3 (1919)1914-1919544 BHL全球
95Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales.ser. 1 v. 3 (1879)1878-1879119 BHL全球
96Botany /by Sereno Watson, aided by Daniel C. Eaton, and others.Watson, S.1871395 BHL全球
97Die Gartenwelt.7, 1902-1903447 BHL全球
98Die Gartenwelt.22, 1918284 BHL全球
99La Cellule. t. 31 (1920-1921)1920-1921260 BHL全球
100Memorias de la Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales de Madrid. Tom. 1185049 BHL全球
资源志】全草(猪鬃草):淡、苦,凉。清热解毒,利湿消肿,利尿通淋。用于痢疾,瘰疬,肺热咳嗽,肝炎,淋证,毒蛇咬伤,跌打损伤。