Annona muricata

名称状态:被SP2000收录,状态为:Annona muricata为接受名
科属名称:Annonaceae(番荔枝科)  番荔枝属
中文名:刺果番荔枝
形态描述:常绿乔木,高达8米;树皮粗糙。叶纸质,倒卵状长圆形至椭圆形,长5-18厘米,宽2-7厘米,顶端急尖或钝,基部宽楔形或圆形,叶面翠绿色而有光泽,叶背浅绿色,两面无毛;侧脉每边8-13条,两面略为凸起,在叶缘前网结。花蕾卵圆形;花淡黄色,长3.8厘米,直径与长相等或稍宽;萼片卵状椭圆形,长约5毫米,宿存;外轮花瓣厚,阔三角形,长2.5-5厘米,顶端急尖至钝,内面基部有红色小凸点,无柄,镊合状排列,内轮花瓣稍薄,卵状椭圆形,长2-3.5厘米,顶端钝,内面下半部覆盖雌雄蕊处密生小凸点,有短柄,覆瓦状排列;雄蕊长4毫米,花丝肉质,药隔膨大;心皮长5毫米,被白色绢质柔毛。果卵圆状,长10-35厘米,直径7-15厘米,深绿色,幼时有下弯的刺,刺随后逐渐脱落而残存有小突体,果肉微酸多汁,白色;种子多颗,肾形,长1.7厘米,宽约1厘米,棕黄色。花期4-7月,果期7-翌年3月。
国内分布:栽培于云南、台湾、广东、广西、海南
全球观测记录分布(数据来自GBIF):
                    
序号标题卷册作者年份页码数据源
1福建植物志,v294 BHL中国
2海南植物志,v1258 BHL中国
3中国植物志,v30(2)170 BHL中国
4Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-1917XIII BHL全球
5Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-1917BHL全球
6Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-1917VII BHL全球
7Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-1917BHL全球
8Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-1917BHL全球
9Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-191722 BHL全球
10Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-1917XV BHL全球
11Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-191724 BHL全球
12Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-191725 BHL全球
13Linnaea:Ein Journal für die Botanik in ihrem ganzen Umfange.v.8 (1833)1833277 BHL全球
14Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.91905184 BHL全球
15Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.91905184 BHL全球
16Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.91905358 BHL全球
17Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.452003407 BHL全球
18Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.80 (1993)1993268 BHL全球
19Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.452003451 BHL全球
20Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.91905287 BHL全球
21Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.161912-1916263 BHL全球
22Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-191714 BHL全球
23Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.452003140 BHL全球
24Linnaea:Ein Journal für die Botanik in ihrem ganzen Umfange.v.8 (1833)1833671 BHL全球
25Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.91905305 BHL全球
26Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-1917VIII BHL全球
27Journal of the proceedings of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.3-4 (1859-1860)1859201 BHL全球
28Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.86 (1999)1999213 BHL全球
29Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-1917BHL全球
30Florae fluminensis, seu, Descriptionum plantarum praefectura Fluminensi sponte nascentium :liber primus ad systema sexuale concinnatus Augustissimae dominae nostrae per manus ... Aloysii de Vasconcellos & Souza Brasilae pro-regis quarti ... /sistit frVellozo, J. M. da C.1881225 BHL全球
31Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.91905XXXIII BHL全球
32Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-1917BHL全球
33Novon a journal of botanical nomenclature from the Missouri Botanical Garden.v. 8 1998199886 BHL全球
34The Philippine journal of science.v.11 (1916)1916270 BHL全球
35The Philippine journal of science.v.14 (1919)1919137 BHL全球
36The Philippine journal of science.v.16 (1920)1920377 BHL全球
37The Philippine journal of science.v.17 (1920)1920192 BHL全球
38The Philippine journal of science.v.17 (1920)1920363 BHL全球
39The Philippine journal of science.v.17 (1920)1920371 BHL全球
40The Philippine journal of science.v.19 (1921)192193 BHL全球
41The Philippine journal of science.v.19 (1921)1921108 BHL全球
42The Philippine journal of science.v.11 (1916)1916323 BHL全球
43Symbolae Antillanae,seu, Fundamenta florae Indiae Occidentalis /editi Ignatius Urban.1920-21 v. 8Urban, I.1920-1921228 BHL全球
44Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.231920-1926281 BHL全球
45Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.231920-1926282 BHL全球
46Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.271928180 BHL全球
47Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.161912-1916266 BHL全球
48Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.452003495 BHL全球
49Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-1917XV BHL全球
50Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-1917XVI BHL全球
51Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-1917BHL全球
52Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-191723 BHL全球
53Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-191726 BHL全球
54Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.91905287 BHL全球
55Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.91905358 BHL全球
56Linnaea:Ein Journal für die Botanik in ihrem ganzen Umfange.v.8 (1833)1833277 BHL全球
57Rhodorav.69 (1967)1967406 BHL全球
58Flora oder Botanische Zeitung :welche Recensionen, Abhandlungen, Aufsätze, Neuigkeiten und Nachrichten, die Botanik betreffend, enthält /herausgegeben von der Königl. Botanischen Gesellschaft in Regensburg.v.22:no.1 (1839)1839221 BHL全球
59Flora of Bermuda ... by Nathaniel Lord Britton ...136 BHL全球
60The Bahama flora, by Nathaniel Lord Britton and Charles Frederick Millspaugh.141 BHL全球
61Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.181914-1917BHL全球
62Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.91905BHL全球
63t. 18 (1918)562 BHL全球
64Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences.v. 4 (1914)424 BHL全球
65Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences.v. 1 (1911)118 BHL全球
66Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences.v. 1 (1911)119 BHL全球
67Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences.v. 2 (1912)120 BHL全球
68Bulletin of the Natural History Museum. 8397 BHL全球
69Bulletin of the Natural History Museum. 8426 BHL全球
70Journal of the proceedings of the Linnean Society. Zoology.4201 BHL全球
71Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). 41965336 BHL全球
72Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). 396 BHL全球
73Flora of Guatemala, by Paul C. Standley and J.A. Steyermark.v.24:pt.4(1946)1946276 BHL全球
74Flora of Peru / by J. Francis Macbride.v.13:pt.2:no.3(1938)752 BHL全球
75Flora of Peru / by J. Francis Macbride.v.13:pt.2:no.3(1938)753 BHL全球
76Flora of the Lancetilla Valley, Honduras, by Paul C. Standley.v.10(1931)195 BHL全球
77Flora of the Lancetilla Valley, Honduras, by Paul C. Standley.v.10(1931)196 BHL全球
78Flora of Yucatan, by Paul C. Standley.v.3:no.3(1930)267 BHL全球
79Flora of Costa Rica ... by Paul C. Standley ...v.18:pt.2(1937)440 BHL全球
80Tropical and subtropical fruits / by B. E. Dahlgren, Curator Emeritus, Dept. of Botany, Drawings by Albert Frey.no.26(1947)40 BHL全球
81The Bahama flora, by Nathaniel Lord Britton and Charles Frederick Millspaugh.141 BHL全球
82Ethnology of the Mayas of southern and central British Honduras / by J. Eric Thompson -- Berthold Laufer -- ed.v.17:no.2(1930)189 BHL全球
83Occasional papers of the California Academy of Sciences.no. 148 (1993)12 BHL全球
84Transactions and proceedings of the New Zealand Institute.v. 27 (1894)15 BHL全球
85Novitates Zoologicae.v. 38 (1932-33)84 BHL全球
86Common trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands / by Elbert L. Little, Jr., and Frank H. Wadsworth.98 BHL全球
87Common trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands / by Elbert L. Little, Jr., and Frank H. Wadsworth.100 BHL全球
88Common trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands / by Elbert L. Little, Jr., and Frank H. Wadsworth.101 BHL全球
89Inventory of seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry.62-73, 1923-192421 BHL全球
90Inventory of seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry.62-73, 1923-192439 BHL全球
91Flora of Jamaica, containing descriptions of the flowering plants known from the island, by William Fawcett and Alfred Barton Rendle.31910194 BHL全球
92Flora of Jamaica, containing descriptions of the flowering plants known from the island, by William Fawcett and Alfred Barton Rendle.31910195 BHL全球
93Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 46, Abt. 1 (1918)824 BHL全球
94Inventory of seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry.62-73, 1923-192487 BHL全球
95Inventory of seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry.62-73, 1923-192495 BHL全球
96Herrn Bengt And. Euphraséns Reise nach der schwedisch-westindischen Insel St. Barthelemi und den inseln St. Estache und St. Christoph, oder, Beschreibung der Sitten, Lebensart der Einwohner, Lage, Be aus dem Schwedischen von Joh. Georg Lud. Blumhof.52 BHL全球
97Herrn Bengt And. Euphraséns Reise nach der schwedisch-westindischen Insel St. Barthelemi und den inseln St. Estache und St. Christoph, oder, Beschreibung der Sitten, Lebensart der Einwohner, Lage, Be aus dem Schwedischen von Joh. Georg Lud. Blumhof.详情 BHL全球
98Inventory of seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry.62-73, 1923-192498 BHL全球
99Inventory of seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry.62-73, 1923-1924BHL全球
100Inventory of seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry.62-73, 1923-192495 BHL全球