Betula alnoides

名称状态:被SP2000收录,状态为:Betula alnoides为接受名
科属名称:Betulaceae(桦木科)  桦木属
中文名:西桦
形态描述:乔木,高达16米;树皮红褐色;枝条暗紫褐色,有条稜,无毛;小枝密被白色长柔毛和树脂腺体。叶厚纸质,披针形或卵状披针形,长4-12厘米,宽2.5-5.5厘米,顶端渐尖至尾状渐尖,基部楔形、宽楔形或圆形,少有微心形,边缘具内弯的刺毛状的不规则重锯齿,上面无毛,下面的脉上疏被长柔毛,脉腋间具密髯毛,其余无毛,密生腺点;侧脉10-13对;叶柄长1.5-3(-4)厘米,密被长柔毛及腺点。果序长圆柱形,(2-) 3-5枚排成总状,长5-10厘米,直径4-6毫米;总梗长5-10毫米,序梗长2-3毫米,均密被黄色长柔毛;果苞甚小,长约3毫米,背面密被短柔毛,边缘具纤毛,基部楔形,上部具3枚裂片,侧裂不甚发育,呈耳突状,中裂片矩圆形,顶端钝。小坚果倒卵形,长1.5-2毫米,背面疏被短柔毛,膜质翅大部分露于果苞之外,宽为果的两倍。
国内分布:云南、福建、广东、广西、海南
全球观测记录分布(数据来自GBIF):
                    
序号标题卷册作者年份页码数据源
1横断山植物志,v上册272 BHL中国
2中国植物志,v21108 BHL中国
3Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.452003500 BHL全球
4Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.452003173 BHL全球
5Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.1916455 BHL全球
6Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.452003401 BHL全球
7Prodromus florae Nepalensis :sive Enumeratio vegetabilium quae in itinere per Nepaliam proprie dictam et regiones conterminas, ann. 1802-1803. Detexit atque legit d. d. Franciscus Hamilton, (olim Buchanan) Accedunt plantae a. d. Wallich nuperius missae /SDon, D.182558 BHL全球
8Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.452003413 BHL全球
9Genera plantarum secundum ordines naturales disposita (supplementums) /auctore Stephano Endlicher.suppl. 4Endlicher, S. L.184720 BHL全球
10Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.1916466 BHL全球
11Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.452003403 BHL全球
12Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917536 BHL全球
13Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917587 BHL全球
14Prodromus florae Nepalensis :sive Enumeratio vegetabilium quae in itinere per Nepaliam proprie dictam et regiones conterminas, ann. 1802-1803. Detexit atque legit d. d. Franciscus Hamilton, (olim Buchanan) Accedunt plantae a. d. Wallich nuperius missae /SDon, D.182558 BHL全球
15Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.1916631 BHL全球
16Nomenclator botanicus, seu, Synonymia plantarum universalis :enumerans ordine alphabetico nomina atque synonyma, tum generica tum specifica, et a Linnaeo et a recentioribus de re botanica scriptoribus plantis phanerogamis imposita /autore Ernesto Theoph. Steudel, E. G. von1840201 BHL全球
17Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.56 (1921)1921594 BHL全球
18Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.1916467 BHL全球
19Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917519 BHL全球
20Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917538 BHL全球
21Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917541 BHL全球
22Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917557 BHL全球
23The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.28 (1891)1891128 BHL全球
24The flora of British India /By J. D. Hooker assisted by various botanists. Published under the authority of the secretary of state for India in council.v.5 (1890)1890600 BHL全球
25Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.29 (1901)1901281 BHL全球
26Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 32, Abt. 1 (1904)313 BHL全球
27Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). 161987238 BHL全球
28Bulletin of the Natural History Museum. 30 (2)2000106 BHL全球
29Bulletin of the Natural History Museum. 30 (2)2000126 BHL全球
30Scientific reports of the Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa. 19162095 BHL全球
31Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.36 (1905)113 BHL全球
32Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 26, Abt. 1 (1898)1898548 BHL全球
33Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.61 (1980)198073 BHL全球
34Pharmacographia indica :A history of the principal drugs of vegetable origin, met with in British India /By William Dymock ... C. J. H. Warden ... and David Hooper.v. 31892359 BHL全球
35Pharmacographia indica :A history of the principal drugs of vegetable origin, met with in British India /By William Dymock ... C. J. H. Warden ... and David Hooper.v. 3189211 BHL全球
36The Review of applied entomology. v. 8 192084 BHL全球
37The Review of applied entomology. v. 8 1920578 BHL全球
38Pharmacographia Indica.by William Dymock, C.J.H. Warden, and David Hooper.1890-189311 BHL全球
39Plants of the Punjab : a descriptive key to the flora of the Punjab, North-west Frontier Province, and Kashmir / by C.J. Bamber.191618 BHL全球
40List of trees, shrubs, and principal climbers, etc., recorded from Burma : with vernacular names / by J.H. Lace.and principal climbersshrubs164 BHL全球
41Isis von Oken.v.26 18331820-1848.446 BHL全球
42Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.54 (1973)1973412 BHL全球
43Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.54 (1973)1973414 BHL全球
44Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.54 (1973)1973416 BHL全球
45The silva of North America :a description of the trees which grow naturally in North America exclusive of Mexico /by Charles Sprague Sargent ... illustrated with figures and analyses drawn from nature by Charles Edward Faxon ...v.14 (1902)1902113 BHL全球
46The silva of North America :a description of the trees which grow naturally in North America exclusive of Mexico /by Charles Sprague Sargent ... illustrated with figures and analyses drawn from nature by Charles Edward Faxon ...v.9 (1896)189646 BHL全球
47The silva of North America :a description of the trees which grow naturally in North America exclusive of Mexico /by Charles Sprague Sargent ... illustrated with figures and analyses drawn from nature by Charles Edward Faxon ...v.9 (1896)1896185 BHL全球
48The commercial products of India : being an abridgment of The dictionary of the economic products of India / by Sir George Watt ; published under the authority of His Majesty's secretary of state for India in council.131 BHL全球
49The commercial products of India : being an abridgment of The dictionary of the economic products of India / by Sir George Watt ; published under the authority of His Majesty's secretary of state for India in council.1178 BHL全球
50The standard cyclopedia of horticulture; a discussion, for the amateur, and the professional and commercial grower, of the kinds, characteristics and methods of cultivation of the species of plants grown in the regions of the United States a Illustrated w1499 BHL全球
51The standard cyclopedia of horticulture; a discussion, for the amateur, and the professional and commercial grower, of the kinds, characteristics and methods of cultivation of the species of plants grown in the regions of the United States a Illustrated w1500 BHL全球
52The forest flora of north-west and central India : a handbook of the indigenous trees and shrubs of those countries / Commenced by by J. Lindsay Stewart. Continued and completed by Dietrich Brandis. Prepared at the herbarium of the Royal gardens, Kew.458 BHL全球
53Chinese economic trees, 19 BHL全球
54Chinese economic trees, 78 BHL全球
55The trees of Great Britain & Ireland / by Henry John Elwes and Augustine Henry.3477 BHL全球
56Hortus Veitchii : a history of the rise and progress of the nurseries of Messrs. James Veitch and sons, together with an account of the botanical collectors and hybridists employed by them and a list of the most remark by James H. Veitch ; with fifty illu357 BHL全球
57Hortus Veitchii : a history of the rise and progress of the nurseries of Messrs. James Veitch and sons, together with an account of the botanical collectors and hybridists employed by them and a list of the most remark by James H. Veitch ; with fifty illu520 BHL全球
58The trees of Great Britain & Ireland / by Henry John Elwes and Augustine Henry.4960 BHL全球
59The trees of Great Britain & Ireland / by Henry John Elwes and Augustine Henry.4976 BHL全球
60Plants of the Punjab; a descriptive key to the flora of the Punjab, North-west Frontier Province and Kashmir. 18 BHL全球
61Select extra-tropical plants readily eligible for industrial culture or naturalisation with indications of their native countries and some of their uses / by Baron Ferd. von Mueller.77 BHL全球
62Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles / by W. J. Bean.1256 BHL全球
63Cyclopedia of American horticulture, comprising suggestions for cultivation of horticultural plants, descriptions of the species of fruits, vegetables, flowers and ornamental plants sold in the United by L. H. Bailey ... assisted by William Miller ... an1160 BHL全球
64An elementary course of botany : structural, physiological, and systematic / by Arthur Henfrey.683 BHL全球
65Cyclopedia of American horticulture : comprising suggestions for cultivation of horticultural plants, descriptions of the species of fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants sold in the United States and Canada, together with ge by L.H. Bailey, 160 BHL全球
66A manual of botany for Indian forest students, by R. S. Hole.244 BHL全球
67Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.536 BHL全球
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71Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.587 BHL全球
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73Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.466 BHL全球
74Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.631 BHL全球
75Report of the proceedings of the ... Entomological Meeting. 100 BHL全球
76Cyclopedia of American horticulture comprising suggestions for cultivation of horticultural plants, descriptions of the species of fruits, vegetables, flowers and ornamental plants sold in the United States and Canada, together with geo by L.H. Bailey ; a160 BHL全球
77The Garden : an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches. v.61 1902BHL全球
78Spixiana.Bd.2 (1979)197910 BHL全球
79Nature Reserves of the Himalaya and the Mountains of Central Asia199362 BHL全球
80Nature Reserves of the Himalaya and the Mountains of Central Asia199366 BHL全球
81Nature Reserves of the Himalaya and the Mountains of Central Asia199370 BHL全球
82Nature Reserves of the Himalaya and the Mountains of Central Asia1993252 BHL全球
83Nature Reserves of the Himalaya and the Mountains of Central Asia1993462 BHL全球
84Trees and shrubs, hardy in the British isles. 1256 BHL全球
85Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.v. 13 1920-221920-1922155 BHL全球
佤药】桦桃树:树皮用于感冒,胃脘疼痛,风湿骨痛,消化不良,腹泻《中佤药》。
基诺药】腰特酒:树皮治急性肠胃炎疼痛《基诺药》。
资源志】叶:解毒,敛口。用于疖毒,已出脓久不收口。