Botrychium lanuginosum

名称状态:被SP2000收录,状态为:Botrychium lanuginosum为接受名
科属名称:Ophioglossaceae(瓶尔小草科)  阴地蕨属
中文名:绒毛阴地蕨
形态描述:根状茎短粗,直立,有一簇粗健肉质的长根,包于鞘状的棕色托叶内的芽被有密长绒毛。总叶柄长12-18厘米,粗肥,多汁草质,干后扁平,宽达4-5毫米,有较密生的早落的灰白色长绒毛,尤以叶轴上的分枝处为多。营养叶片为五角状的三角形或卵状三角形,渐尖头,大小不一,一般长18-25厘米,宽24-27厘米或更大,下部3-4回羽状;侧生羽片6-8对,近于对生或基部的1-2对对生,有长柄,相距4-5厘米,斜向上方,基部一对羽片最大,三角形,长达15厘米(包括柄长2-3厘米),宽6-8厘米,渐尖头,2-3回羽状;一回小羽片8-9对,互生,有长柄,斜向上,照例为下先出,基部下方一片最大,长可达9厘米,宽5厘米,五角状三角形,渐尖头,柄长1-1.5厘米,其余各对较小,但都有明显的柄,1-2回羽状;二回小羽片仍以基部下方一片较大,为五角状三角形,渐尖头,长达3.5厘米,宽约2厘米(柄长约8毫米),基部心脏形,其余各对向上逐渐缩小,仍有短柄,一回全裂或深裂;末回小羽片或裂片为卵形或卵状三角形,无柄,边缘有粗大的重锯齿。第二对羽片较小,长圆披针形,渐尖头,基部较宽,长8-14厘米,基部宽4-5厘米,柄长1.5-2厘米,二回羽状或羽裂,一回小羽片8-10对,基部一对等大,下先出(有时上先出),阔三角形,渐尖头,基部心脏形,有短柄,上部各对逐渐缩小,均为渐尖头,以狭翅着生羽轴。第三对羽片起向上逐渐缩短,都有柄,皆为下先出。叶轴和羽轴上有长绒毛,尤以幼时为多。叶干后为绿色,薄草质。叶脉除中脉外不明显。孢子囊穗自第一和第二对羽片之间的叶轴上生出或有时由第二对羽片分枝点附近生出,比不育叶片为短,柄长5-7厘米,孢子囊穗长8-11厘米,宽5-7厘米,复圆锥状,二至三回羽状,小穗张开,疏松,有绒毛。
国内分布:湖南、四川、贵州、云南、西藏、台湾、广西
全球观测记录分布(数据来自GBIF):
                    
序号标题卷册作者年份页码数据源
1中国植物志,v218 BHL中国
2Rhodorav.19 (1917)1917216 BHL全球
3Linnaea:Ein Journal für die Botanik in ihrem ganzen Umfange.v.24 (1851)1851794 BHL全球
4Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.261940VIII BHL全球
5Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.261940271 BHL全球
6Hedwigia.v.47 (1908)190878 BHL全球
7Linnaea:Ein Journal für die Botanik in ihrem ganzen Umfange.v.5 (1830)1830118 BHL全球
8Flora oder Botanische Zeitung :welche Recensionen, Abhandlungen, Aufsätze, Neuigkeiten und Nachrichten, die Botanik betreffend, enthält /herausgegeben von der Königl. Botanischen Gesellschaft in Regensburg.v.59 (1876)1876300 BHL全球
9Linnaea:Ein Journal für die Botanik in ihrem ganzen Umfange.v.24 (1851)1851242 BHL全球
10Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.56 (1921)1921595 BHL全球
11The Philippine journal of science.v.4 (1909)1909BHL全球
12Flora oder Botanische Zeitung :welche Recensionen, Abhandlungen, Aufsätze, Neuigkeiten und Nachrichten, die Botanik betreffend, enthält /herausgegeben von der Königl. Botanischen Gesellschaft in Regensburg.v.80 (1895)1895445 BHL全球
13The Philippine journal of science.v.2 (1907)1907444 BHL全球
14Bulletin de la Société botanique de France.v.5 (1858)1858234 BHL全球
15Bulletin de la Société botanique de France.v.12 (1864)1865BHL全球
16Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.261940VIII BHL全球
17Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.261940535 BHL全球
18Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club.v.30 (1903)190346 BHL全球
19Outlines of classification and special morphology of plants, by K. Goebel. A new ed. of Sachs' Text-book of botany, book II, authorized English translation by Henry E. F. Garnsey; rev. by Isaac Bayley Balfour. With 407 woodcuts.251 BHL全球
20Outlines of classification and special morphology of plants, by K. Goebel. A new ed. of Sachs' Text-book of botany, book II, authorized English translation by Henry E. F. Garnsey; rev. by Isaac Bayley Balfour. With 407 woodcuts.494 BHL全球
21Lehrbuch der botanik nach dem gegenwärtigen stand der wissenschaft. Bearb. von dr. Julius Sachs ...411 BHL全球
22The Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society.v. 15 (1903-1904)111 BHL全球
23Hedwigia.v.66 (1926)192644 BHL全球
24Index filicum,sive, Enumeratio omnium generum specierumque filicum et Hydropteridum ab anno 1753 ad finem anni 1905 descriptorium : adjectis synonymis principalibus, area geographica, etc. /Carl Christensen.Suppl. 3 1917-33Christensen, C. F. A.193451 BHL全球
25Index filicum,sive, Enumeratio omnium generum specierumque filicum et Hydropteridum ab anno 1753 ad finem anni 1905 descriptorium : adjectis synonymis principalibus, area geographica, etc. /Carl Christensen.Suppl. 4 1934-60Christensen, C. F. A.1934-1960详情 BHL全球
26Index filicum,sive, Enumeratio omnium generum specierumque filicum et Hydropteridum ab anno 1753 ad finem anni 1905 descriptorium : adjectis synonymis principalibus, area geographica, etc. /Carl Christensen.Suppl. 4 1934-60Christensen, C. F. A.1934-1960详情 BHL全球
27Carnegie Institution of Washington publication.no. 140 (1911)1911101 BHL全球
28Carnegie Institution of Washington publication.no. 140 (1911)1911102 BHL全球
29Carnegie Institution of Washington publication.no. 140 (1911)1911103 BHL全球
30Carnegie Institution of Washington publication.no. 140 (1911)1911105 BHL全球
31Carnegie Institution of Washington publication.no. 140 (1911)1911225 BHL全球
32An outline of plant geography, by Douglas Houghton Campbell.1926193 BHL全球
33Icones filicum ad eas potissimum species illustrandas destinatæ, quæ hactenus, vel in herbariis delituerunt prorsus incognitae, vel saltem nondum per icones botanicis innotuerunt.Figures and descriptions of ferns, principally of such as have been altogethv. 21831CLXI BHL全球
34Icones filicum ad eas potissimum species illustrandas destinatæ, quæ hactenus, vel in herbariis delituerunt prorsus incognitae, vel saltem nondum per icones botanicis innotuerunt.Figures and descriptions of ferns, principally of such as have been altogethv. 11831详情 BHL全球
35Recueil des travaux botaniques néerlandais. v.17 18 1920-19211904详情 BHL全球
36Spiciligium filicum philippinensium novarum aut imperfecte cognitarum ; The Philippine species of Dryopteris / by H. Christ.1907187 BHL全球
37Icones filicum ad eas potissimum species illustrandas destinatæ, quæ hactenus, vel in herbariis delituerunt prorsus incognitae, vel saltem nondum per icones botanicis innotuerunt.Figures and descriptions of ferns, principally of such as have been altogethv. 21831详情 BHL全球
38Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien nebst ihren Gattungen und wichtigeren Arten, insbesondere den Nutzpflanzen, unter Mitwirkung zahlreicher hervorragender Fachgelehrten begründet von A. Engler und K. Prantl, fortgesetzt von A. Engler ...Teil 1, Abt. 4458 BHL全球
39Index filicum: a synopsis, with characters, of the genera, and an enumeration of the species of ferns, with synonymes, references, &c., &c. 1213 BHL全球
40Synopsis filicum; or, A synopsis of all known ferns, including the Osmundaceae, Schizaeaceae, Marattiaceae, and Ophioglossaceae (chiefly derived from the Kew Herbarium). Accompanied by figures representing the essentia By the late Sir William Jackson Hookcopy 2448 BHL全球
41Outlines of classification and special morphology of plants, by K. Goebel. A new ed. of Sachs' Text-book of botany, book II, authorized English translation by Henry E. F. Garnsey; rev. by Isaac Bayley Balfour. With 407 woodcuts.494 BHL全球
42Outlines of classification and special morphology of plants. Tr. by H.E.F. Garnsey, rev. by I.B. Balfour.494 BHL全球
43Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien. Bd.18 (1868)515 BHL全球
44Synopsis filicum; or, A synopsis of all known ferns, including the Osmundaceæ, Schizæsveæ, Marattiaceæ, and Ophioglossaceæ (chiefly derived from the Kew herbarium). Accompanied by figures representing the essential character of each genus. By the late Sircopy 2448 BHL全球
45The Canadian field-naturalist.v.64 (1950)1950213 BHL全球
46Bulletin des sciences naturelles et de géologie. 1829, no.6401 BHL全球
47Synopsis filicum; or, A synopsis of all known ferns, including the Osmundaceae, Schizaeaceae, Marattiaceae, and Ophioglossaceae (chiefly derived from the Kew Herbarium). Accompanied by figures representing the essentia By the late Sir William Jackson Hookcopy 11874448 BHL全球
48Österreichische botanische Zeitschrift.v.69 (1920)192081 BHL全球
49Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien. bd. 19 (1869)98 BHL全球
50Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien. bd. 19 (1869)175 BHL全球
51Notes ptéridologiques. fasc.7-91915-1925.131 BHL全球
52Notes ptéridologiques. fasc.10-131915-1925.142 BHL全球
53Notes ptéridologiques. fasc.1-51915-1925.44 BHL全球
54The Eusporangiatae, the comparative morphology of the ophioglossaceae and marattiaceae. 101 BHL全球
55The Eusporangiatae, the comparative morphology of the ophioglossaceae and marattiaceae. 详情 BHL全球
56American fern journal.v.75-76 (1985-1986)198534 BHL全球
57American fern journal.v.77-78 (1985-1986)1987122 BHL全球
58American fern journal.v.77-78 (1985-1986)1987124 BHL全球
59American fern journal.v.77-78 (1985-1986)1987125 BHL全球
60American fern journal.v.77-78 (1985-1986)1987127 BHL全球
61American fern journal.v.77-78 (1985-1986)1987128 BHL全球
62American fern journal.v.77-78 (1985-1986)1987129 BHL全球
63American fern journal.v.77-78 (1985-1986)1987135 BHL全球
64American fern journal.v.77-78 (1985-1986)1987139 BHL全球
佤药】蕨箕参:根用于产后体虚,肝肾虚弱,疮毒,淋巴结肿《中佤药》。
景颇药】Dilamqop:治毒蛇咬伤,痈疮,小儿疳积,肺结核,支气管炎《德宏药录》。文站:根茎用于失眠,神经衰弱《滇药录》。
德昂药】的哇帽:功用同景颇族《德宏药录》。
白药】肺心草,蕨叶一枝蒿:全草治感冒,小儿高热,百日咳,小儿支气管炎,肺炎,哮喘,肺结核咯血,淋巴结核,毒蛇咬伤《大理资志》。汤支会:全草用于肺热喘咳,毒蛇咬伤[78]。
瑶药】毛蕨鸡爪参,磨节觅:根治产后体虚,肝肾虚弱,疮毒,风毒,淋巴结肿,目中生翳《湘蓝考》。
彝药】一朵云:全草治疗虚痨咳嗽,病后声哑,疮疡肿毒,虫蛇咬伤《哀牢》。
傈僳药】米打俄乃:全草治毒蛇咬伤,乳腺炎,咽喉炎,咳嗽,肺结核,淋巴结核产后体虚,肝肾虚弱,疮毒,百日咳等《怒江药》。
藏药】全株治肺热咳喘,毒蛇咬伤《滇省志》。佳恰阿玛:全草用于肺热咳嗽,小儿惊风,咳喘,神经痛,淋巴结核,乳腺炎《藏本草》。
拉祜药】根用于产后体虚,肝肾虚弱,风毒,淋巴结肿《拉祜医药》。达地拔:根、茎用于产后体虚,肝肾虚弱,疮毒,风毒,淋巴结肿,目中生翳《滇药录》。
资源志】全草:微苦、辛,凉。清热解毒,止咳平喘,滋补润肺。用于虚痨咳嗽、肺痨、顿咳、蜂螫、蛇咬伤、疮毒。