Calocedrus macrolepis

名称状态:被SP2000收录,状态为:Calocedrus macrolepis为接受名
科属名称:Cupressaceae(柏科)  翠柏属
中文名:翠柏
形态描述:乔木,高达30-35米,胸径1-1.2米;树皮红褐色、灰褐色或褐灰色,幼时平滑,老则纵裂;枝斜展,幼树树冠尖塔形,老树则呈广圆形;小枝互生,两列状,生鳞叶的小枝直展、扁平、排成平面,两面异形,下面微凹。鳞叶两对交叉对生,成节状,小枝上下两面中央的鳞叶扁平,露出部分楔状,先端急尖,长3-4毫米,两侧之叶对折,瓦覆着中央之叶的侧边及下部,与中央之叶几相等长,较中央之叶的上部为窄,先端微急尖,直伸或微内曲,小枝下面之叶微被白粉或无白粉。雌雄球花分别生于不同短枝的顶端,雄球花矩圆形或卵圆形,长3-5毫米,黄色,每一雄蕊具3-5(通常4)个花药。着生雌球花及球果的小枝圆柱形或四棱形,或下部圆上部四棱形,长3-17毫米,其上着生6-24对交叉对生的鳞叶,鳞叶背部拱圆或具纵脊;球果矩圆形、椭圆柱形或长卵状圆柱形,熟时红褐色,长1-2厘米;种鳞3对,木质,扁平,外部顶端之下有短尖头,最下一对形小,长约3几毫米,最上一对结合而生,仅中间一对各有2粒种子;种子近卵圆形或椭圆形,微扁,长约6毫米,暗褐色,上部有两个大小不等的膜质翅,长翅连同种子几与中部种鳞等长;子叶2,条形,长5-7毫米,宽1.5-1.8毫米,初生叶条状刺形,长5-7毫米,宽不及1毫米,下面无白粉,初为交叉对生,后为4叶轮生。
国内分布:贵州、云南、广东、广西、海南
全球观测记录分布(数据来自GBIF):
                    
序号标题卷册作者年份页码数据源
1贵州植物志,v123 BHL中国
2河南植物志,v1143 BHL中国
3中国植物志,v7325 BHL中国
4The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.26 (1889-1902)1889-90567 BHL全球
5The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.26 (1889-1902)1889-90540 BHL全球
6The flora of British India /By J. D. Hooker assisted by various botanists. Published under the authority of the secretary of state for India in council.v.7 (1897)1897492 BHL全球
7The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.18 (1881)1881531 BHL全球
8The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.18 (1881)1881485 BHL全球
9The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.18 (1881)1881485 BHL全球
10Bulletin de la Société botanique de France.v.20 (1873)1873232 BHL全球
11The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.26 (1889-1902)1889-90567 BHL全球
12The flora of British India /By J. D. Hooker assisted by various botanists. Published under the authority of the secretary of state for India in council.v.5 (1890)1890645 BHL全球
13Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 1 (1873)1873689 BHL全球
14Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 1 (1873)1873418 BHL全球
15The Journal of the College of Science, Imperial University of Tokyo, Japan = Tokyo Teikoku Daigaku kiyo. Rika.v. 25 (1908)1908250 BHL全球
16Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.7-8 (1926-1927)192663 BHL全球
17Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.7-8 (1926-1927)1926255 BHL全球
18Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.34 (1953)195318 BHL全球
19Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.34 (1953)195323 BHL全球
20The silva of North America :a description of the trees which grow naturally in North America exclusive of Mexico /by Charles Sprague Sargent ... illustrated with figures and analyses drawn from nature by Charles Edward Faxon ...v.14 (1902)1902116 BHL全球
21Handbuch der Nadelholzkunde. Systematik, Beschreibung, Verwendung und Kultur der Freiland-Coniferen. Für Gärtner Forstleute und Botaniker, bearbeitet von L. Beissner.189130 BHL全球
22Handbuch der Nadelholzkunde. Systematik, Beschreibung, Verwendung und Kultur der Freiland-Coniferen. Für Gärtner Forstleute und Botaniker, bearbeitet von L. Beissner.189131 BHL全球
23The silva of North America :a description of the trees which grow naturally in North America exclusive of Mexico /by Charles Sprague Sargent ... illustrated with figures and analyses drawn from nature by Charles Edward Faxon ...v.10 (1896)1896134 BHL全球
24The silva of North America :a description of the trees which grow naturally in North America exclusive of Mexico /by Charles Sprague Sargent ... illustrated with figures and analyses drawn from nature by Charles Edward Faxon ...v.10 (1896)1896155 BHL全球
25The flora of British India /By J. D. Hooker assisted by various botanists. Published under the authority of the secretary of state for India in council.v.5 (1890)645 BHL全球
26Handbuch der Nadelholzkunde; Systematik, Beschreibung, Verwendung und Kultur der Ginkgoaceen, Freiland-Coniferen und Gnetaceen, für Gärtner. Forstleute und Botaniker. 493 BHL全球
27Veitch's manual of the coniferae : containing a general review of the order, a synopsis of the species cultivated in Great Britain, their botanical history, economic properties, place and use in arboriculture, etc. / by Adolphus H. Kent.256 BHL全球
28Veitch's manual of the coniferae : containing a general review of the order, a synopsis of the species cultivated in Great Britain, their botanical history, economic properties, place and use in arboriculture, etc. / by Adolphus H. Kent.554 BHL全球
29Hand-list of Coniferae : grown in the Royal botanic gardens. 61 BHL全球
30The trees of Great Britain & Ireland / by Henry John Elwes and Augustine Henry.3488 BHL全球
31Hand-list of Coniferae, grown in the Royal Botanic Gardens. 61 BHL全球
32The trees of Great Britain & Ireland / by Henry John Elwes and Augustine Henry.Index1955 BHL全球
33Veitch's manual of the coniferae : containing a general review of the order, a synopsis of the species cultivated in Great Britain, their botanical history, economic properties, place and use in arboriculture, etc. 554 BHL全球
341997 IUCN red list of threatened plants199720 BHL全球
35The World List of Threatened Trees199896 BHL全球