Cedrus deodara

名称状态:被SP2000收录,状态为:Cedrus deodara为接受名
科属名称:Pinaceae(松科)  雪松属
中文名:雪松
形态描述:乔木,高达50米,胸径达3米;树皮深灰色,裂成不规则的鳞状块片;枝平展、微斜展或微下垂,基部宿存芽鳞向外反曲,小枝常下垂,一年生长枝淡灰黄色,密生短绒毛,微有白粉,二、三年生枝呈灰色、淡褐灰色或深灰色。叶在长枝上辐射伸展,短枝之叶成簇生状(每年生出新叶约15-20枚),针形,坚硬,淡绿色或深绿色,长2.5-5厘米,宽1-1.5毫米,上部较宽,先端锐尖,下部渐窄,常成三棱形,稀背脊明显,叶之腹面两侧各有2-3条气孔线,背面4-6条,幼时气孔线有白粉。雄球花长卵圆形或椭圆状卵圆形,长2-3厘米,径约1厘米;雌球花卵圆形,长约8毫米,径约5毫米。球果成熟前淡绿色,微有白粉,熟时红褐色,卵圆形或宽椭圆形,长7-12厘米,径5-9厘米,顶端圆钝,有短梗;中部种鳞扇状倒三角形,长2.5-4厘米,宽4-6厘米,上部宽圆,边缘内曲,中部楔状,下部耳形,基部爪状,鳞背密生短绒毛;苞鳞短小;种子近三角状,种翅宽大,较种子为长,连同种子长2.2-3.7厘米。
国内分布:栽培于辽宁、河北、北京、山东、河南、陕西、安徽、江苏、江西、湖北、湖南、云南、福建、广东、广西、台湾、原产于西藏
全球观测记录分布(数据来自GBIF):
                    
序号标题卷册作者年份页码数据源
1浙江植物志,v1352 BHL中国
2安徽植物志,v1225 BHL中国
3北京植物志,v上册55 BHL中国
4福建植物志,v1281 BHL中国
5贵州植物志,v111 BHL中国
6河北植物志,v1178 BHL中国
7河南植物志,v1130 BHL中国
8江西植物志,v1417 BHL中国
9辽宁植物志144 BHL中国
10秦岭植物志,v1(1)11 BHL中国
11山东植物志,v上卷175 BHL中国
12四川植物志,v298 BHL中国
13中国植物志,v7200 BHL中国
14Hedwigia.v.43 (1904)1904103 BHL全球
15Hedwigia.v.29 (1890)1890260 BHL全球
16The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.17 (1880)1880586 BHL全球
17Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.61901860 BHL全球
18Hedwigia.v.29 (1890)1890259 BHL全球
19The Philippine journal of science.v.4 (1909)1909442 BHL全球
20The Philippine journal of science.v.4 (1909)1909572 BHL全球
21Flora oder Botanische Zeitung :welche Recensionen, Abhandlungen, Aufsätze, Neuigkeiten und Nachrichten, die Botanik betreffend, enthält /herausgegeben von der Königl. Botanischen Gesellschaft in Regensburg.v.71 (1888)1888236 BHL全球
22Hedwigia.v.43 (1904)1904103 BHL全球
23Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.61901833 BHL全球
24A handbook of systematic botany / by Dr. E. Warming with a revision of the fungi by Dr. E. Knoblauch, tr. and ed. by M. C. Potter.266 BHL全球
25Catalogue of scientific papers, 1800-1900. Compiled by the Royal Society of London. London, C.J. Clay and Sons, 1867-1902 [etc.]10299 BHL全球
26Catalogue of scientific papers, 1800-1900. Compiled by the Royal Society of London. London, C.J. Clay and Sons, 1867-1902 [etc.]13293 BHL全球
27Transactions of the Natural History Society of Glasgow. new ser. v. 8 (1905-1908)90 BHL全球
28Transactions of the Natural History Society of Glasgow. new ser. v. 8 (1905-1908)310 BHL全球
29Hardwicke's science-gossip : an illustrated medium of interchange and gossip for students and lovers of nature. v. 3 (1867)114 BHL全球
30Hardwicke's science-gossip : an illustrated medium of interchange and gossip for students and lovers of nature. v. 3 (1867)283 BHL全球
31Catalogue of scientific papers, 1800-1900. Compiled by the Royal Society of London. London, C.J. Clay and Sons, 1867-1902 [etc.]5976 BHL全球
32The Scottish naturalist. v. 6 (1881-1882)142 BHL全球
33Science progress. v. 13 (1918-1919)220 BHL全球
34Botanisches Zentralblatt; referierendes Organ für das Gesamtgebiet der Botanik.jahrg. 27, bd. 101 (1906)464 BHL全球
35Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 31, Abt. 1 (1903)509 BHL全球
36Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 31, Abt. 2 (1903)128 BHL全球
37Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 33, Abt. 1 (1905)详情 BHL全球
38Natural history review. 2129 BHL全球
39Natural history review. 2130 BHL全球
40Naturalist (Morris) 3 - 4153 BHL全球
41Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). 21955167 BHL全球
42Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). 21955169 BHL全球
43Proceedings of the Natural History Society of Dublin. 140 BHL全球
44Proceedings of the Natural History Society of Dublin. 141 BHL全球
45Proceedings of the Natural History Society of Dublin. 142 BHL全球
46Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal.52320 BHL全球
47Sino-Iranica; Chinese contributions to the history of civilization in ancient Iran, with special reference to the history of cultivated plants and products / by Berthold Laufer --v.15:no.3(1919)618 BHL全球
48Botanisches Zentralblatt; referierendes Organ für das Gesamtgebiet der Botanik.jahrg. 28, bd. 105 (1907)340 BHL全球
49Transactions of the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland. ser. 4 vol. 1478 BHL全球
50Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 46, Abt. 2 (1918)420 BHL全球
51Catalogue of scientific papers, 1800-1900. Compiled by the Royal Society of London. London, C.J. Clay and Sons, 1867-1902 [etc.]v.121902523 BHL全球
52Bulletin of miscellaneous information / Trinidad, Royal Botanic Gardens.2, 1895-1896182 BHL全球
53Catalog of hymenoptera in America north of Mexico / prepared cooperatively by specialists on the various groups of Hymenoptera under the direction of Karl V. Krombein ... [et al.].vol. 132 BHL全球
54Birds from Nepal [by] Austin L. Rand [and] Robert L. Fleming.v.41:no.1(1957)173 BHL全球
55American forestry. 18, 1912474 BHL全球
56Transactions of the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland. ser. 4 v. 2338 BHL全球
57Catalog of hymenoptera in America north of Mexico / prepared cooperatively by specialists on the various groups of Hymenoptera under the direction of Karl V. Krombein ... [et al.].vol. 32513 BHL全球
58Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze Valley, China. 195863 BHL全球
59Researches on Fungi ... by A. H. Reginald Buller ...51958388 BHL全球
60Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze Valley, China. 1958586 BHL全球
61Pollen and spore morphology/plant taxonomy; gymnospermae, pteriodophyta, bryophyta (Illustrations) 195710 BHL全球
62Pollen and spore morphology/plant taxonomy; gymnospermae, pteriodophyta, bryophyta (Illustrations) 195711 BHL全球
63American forestry. 21, no. 2, 1915949 BHL全球
64Bulletin de la Société impériale zoologique d'acclimatation.ser. 2 t. 5101 BHL全球
65Bulletin / Arizona Agricultural Experiment Station.77-8497 BHL全球
66Bulletin de la Société d'acclimatation.ser. 3 t. 3 (1876)635 BHL全球
67Bulletin du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle.tome. 9详情 BHL全球
68Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.48 (1913)744 BHL全球
69Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.48 (1913)747 BHL全球
70Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.48 (1913)757 BHL全球
71Deutsches Magazin für Garten- und Blumenkunde.1855251 BHL全球
72Science progress. v. 17 (1922-1923)1922-1923562 BHL全球
73Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 48, Abt. 1 (1920)1920653 BHL全球
74The Floral world and garden guide. 4, 1861详情 BHL全球
75The Floral world and garden guide. 8, 186541 BHL全球
76The Floral world and garden guide. 3, 1860190 BHL全球
77The Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society.v. 16 (1904-1906)1904-1906118 BHL全球
78The Floral world and garden guide. 4, 1861184 BHL全球
79Experiment station record. 25, 1911937 BHL全球
80The journal of forestry and estates management. 1, 1877-1878523 BHL全球
81The Floral world and garden guide. n.s. v.12 1869329 BHL全球
82The Floral world and garden guide. n.s. v.9 186626 BHL全球
83The Floral world and garden guide. n.s. v.10 186762 BHL全球
84The Floral world and garden guide. n.s. v.10 1867168 BHL全球
85The Gardener. 13, 1879187 BHL全球
86The florist, fruitist, and garden miscellany. 1853285 BHL全球
87The weekly florists' review. 12, 1903568 BHL全球
88The Gardener. 7, 187312 BHL全球
89Hamburger Garten- und Blumenzeitung.28303 BHL全球
90L'Horticulteur français de mil huit cent cinquante et un : journal des amateurs et des intérêts horticoles.1869377 BHL全球
91The Horticulturist and journal of rural art and rural taste. 2283 BHL全球
92The Horticulturist and journal of rural art and rural taste. 5100 BHL全球
93Experiment station record. 24,1911460 BHL全球
94The Horticulturist and journal of rural art and rural taste. 12221 BHL全球
95Horticulture. 6, 190744 BHL全球
96The Horticulturist and journal of rural art and rural taste. 8306 BHL全球
97The Horticulturist and journal of rural art and rural taste. 8308 BHL全球
98The Hawaiian forester and agriculturist. 17-18, 1920-1921226 BHL全球
99Die Gartenwelt.9, 1904-1905102 BHL全球
100The Gardener's monthly and horticulturist. 25, 188370 BHL全球
资源志】树干、枝叶(雪松):祛风活络,消肿生肌,活血止血。