Juniperus formosana

名称状态:被SP2000收录,状态为:Juniperus formosana为接受名
科属名称:Cupressaceae(柏科)  刺柏属
中文名:刺柏
形态描述:乔木,高达12米;树皮褐色,纵裂成长条薄片脱落;枝条斜展或直展,树冠塔形或圆柱形;小枝下垂,三棱形。叶三叶轮生,条状披针形或条状刺形,长1.2-2厘米,很少长达3.2厘米,宽1.2-2毫米,先端渐尖具锐尖头,上面稍凹,中脉微隆起,绿色,两侧各有1条白色、很少紫色或淡绿色的气孔带,气孔带较绿色边带稍宽,在叶的先端汇合为1条,下面绿色,有光泽,具纵钝脊,横切面新月形。雄球花圆球形或椭圆形,长4-6毫米,药隔先端渐尖,背有纵脊。球果近球形或宽卵圆形,长6-10毫米,径6-9毫米,熟时淡红褐色,被白粉或白粉脱落,间或顶部微张开;种子半月圆形,具3-4棱脊,顶端尖,近基部有3-4个树脂槽。
国内分布:陕西、甘肃、青海、安徽、江苏、江西、浙江、湖南、湖北、四川、贵州、云南、西藏、福建、台湾
全球观测记录分布(数据来自GBIF):
                    
序号标题卷册作者年份页码数据源
1浙江植物志,v1379 BHL中国
2安徽植物志,v1252 BHL中国
3北京植物志,v上册64 BHL中国
4福建植物志,v1311 BHL中国
5贵州植物志,v128 BHL中国
6河南植物志,v1151 BHL中国
7横断山植物志,v上册210 BHL中国
8江西植物志,v1481 BHL中国
9青海植物志,v158 BHL中国
10山东植物志,v上卷218 BHL中国
11四川植物志,v2193 BHL中国
12西藏植物志,v1391 BHL中国
13中国植物志,v7377 BHL中国
14Bulletin de la Société botanique de France.v.56 (1909)190972 BHL全球
15The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.39 (1909-1911)1909-11544 BHL全球
16Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.191656 BHL全球
17Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.1916644 BHL全球
18Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.56 (1921)1921587 BHL全球
19Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.191657 BHL全球
20Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917471 BHL全球
21Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917520 BHL全球
22Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917522 BHL全球
23Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917527 BHL全球
24Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917544 BHL全球
25Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917554 BHL全球
26Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917561 BHL全球
27Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917562 BHL全球
28Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917614 BHL全球
29The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.39 (1909-1911)1909-11461 BHL全球
30The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.39 (1909-1911)1909-11544 BHL全球
31Symbolae sinicae :botanische Ergebnisse der Expedition der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wein nach Südwest-China, 1914-1918 /herausgegeben von Heinrich Handel-Mazzetti ; unter mitarbeit von Viktor Brotherus ... [et al.].v.7 pt.1-31929BHL全球
32Icones plantarum formosanarum nec non et contributiones ad floram formosanam : or, Icones of the plants of Formosa, and materials for a flora of the island, based on a study of the collections of the Botanical survey of the Government of Formosa / By B. H739 BHL全球
33Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 36, Abt. 2 (1908)214 BHL全球
34The identification of trees & shrubs; how to recognize, without previous knowledge of botany, wild or garden trees and shrubs native to the north temperate zone, with 2,500 diagrams made by the author.1937293 BHL全球
35Inventory of seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry.37-4765 BHL全球
36The giant panda : a morphological study of evolutionary mechanisms / D. Dwight Davis.v.3(1964)20 BHL全球
37Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze Valley, China. 195868 BHL全球
38Bulletin de la Société dendrologique de France.31-4597 BHL全球
39Bulletin de la Société dendrologique de France.31-45100 BHL全球
40Bulletin de la Société dendrologique de France.31-45106 BHL全球
41Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.48 (1913)732 BHL全球
42Irish gardening. 12, 1917190628 BHL全球
43The Journal of the College of Science, Imperial University of Tokyo, Japan = Tokyo Teikoku Daigaku kiyo. Rika.v. 25 (1908)190819 BHL全球
44The Journal of the College of Science, Imperial University of Tokyo, Japan = Tokyo Teikoku Daigaku kiyo. Rika.v. 25 (1908)1908209 BHL全球
45Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.1-2 (1919-1922)191935 BHL全球
46Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.18 (1937)1937296 BHL全球
47Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.9-10 (1928-1929)1928110 BHL全球
48Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.9-10 (1928-1929)1928291 BHL全球
49Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.15 (1934)1934174 BHL全球
50Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.7-8 (1926-1927)192663 BHL全球
51Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.14 (1933)193344 BHL全球
52Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.7-8 (1926-1927)192690 BHL全球
53Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.7-8 (1926-1927)1926238 BHL全球
54Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.3-4 (1922-1923)1921126 BHL全球
55Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.9-10 (1928-1929)192817 BHL全球
56Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.64 (1983)1983113 BHL全球
57Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.64 (1983)1983648 BHL全球
58Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.61 (1980)198054 BHL全球
59Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.61 (1980)198072 BHL全球
60General index to the flora of Formosa as recorded in all literature up to the publication of Icones plantarum Formosanarum VI = Taiwan shokubutsu somokuroku / [B. Hayata]191774 BHL全球
61A naturalist in western China, with vasculum, camera, and gun; being some account of eleven years' travel, exploration, and observation in the more remote parts of the Flowery kingdom, by Ernest Henry Wilson...with an introduction by Charles Sprague Sargev.1with vasculum247 BHL全球
62Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.54 (1973)1973370 BHL全球
63Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.54 (1973)1973371 BHL全球
64A handbook of Coniferae, including Ginkgoaceæ, by W. Dallimore and A. Bruce Jackson. With drawings by Miss G. Lister.including Ginkgoaceæ232 BHL全球
65A handbook of Coniferae, including Ginkgoaceæ, by W. Dallimore and A. Bruce Jackson. With drawings by Miss G. Lister.including Ginkgoaceæ247 BHL全球
66A handbook of Coniferae, including Ginkgoaceæ, by W. Dallimore and A. Bruce Jackson. With drawings by Miss G. Lister.including Ginkgoaceæ261 BHL全球
67Unsere Freiland-Nadelhölzer; Anzucht, Pflege und Verwendung aller bekannten in Mitteleuropa im Freien kulturfähigen Nadelholzer mit Einschlusz von Ginkgo und Ephedra unter Mitwirkung von Adolf Cielsar [et al.]. Im Auftrage der dendrologischen Gesellschaft191338 BHL全球
68Unsere Freiland-Nadelhölzer; Anzucht, Pflege und Verwendung aller bekannten in Mitteleuropa im Freien kulturfähigen Nadelholzer mit Einschlusz von Ginkgo und Ephedra unter Mitwirkung von Adolf Cielsar [et al.]. Im Auftrage der dendrologischen Gesellschaft191366 BHL全球
69Chinese economic trees, 41 BHL全球
70Chinese economic trees, BHL全球
71The standard cyclopedia of horticulture; a discussion, for the amateur, and the professional and commercial grower, of the kinds, characteristics and methods of cultivation of the species of plants grown in the regions of the United States a Illustrated w31729 BHL全球
72Icones plantarum formosanarum nec non et contributiones ad floram formosanam; or, Icones of the plants of Formosa, and materials for a flora of the island, based on a study of the collections of the Botanical survey of the Government of Formosa. By B. Hay6-739 BHL全球
73Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles / by W. J. Bean.1672 BHL全球
74The trees of Great Britain & Ireland / by Henry John Elwes and Augustine Henry.61396 BHL全球
75The trees of Great Britain & Ireland / by Henry John Elwes and Augustine Henry.61409 BHL全球
76The trees of Great Britain & Ireland / by Henry John Elwes and Augustine Henry.61414 BHL全球
77The trees of Great Britain & Ireland / by Henry John Elwes and Augustine Henry.61415 BHL全球
78The trees of Great Britain & Ireland / by Henry John Elwes and Augustine Henry.61416 BHL全球
79Standardized plant names; a catalogue of approved scientific and common names of plants in American commerce. 252 BHL全球
80Illustrations of conifers / by H. Clinton-Baker.3BHL全球
81Illustrations of conifers / by H. Clinton-Baker.3详情 BHL全球
82Illustrations of conifers / by H. Clinton-Baker.3详情 BHL全球
83Illustrations of conifers / by H. Clinton-Baker.3详情 BHL全球
84Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.471 BHL全球
85Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.520 BHL全球
86Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.522 BHL全球
87Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.527 BHL全球
88Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.544 BHL全球
89Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.554 BHL全球
90Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.561 BHL全球
91Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.562 BHL全球
92Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.56 BHL全球
93Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.57 BHL全球
94Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.644 BHL全球
95Journal of the International Garden Club.v.2 1918238 BHL全球
96The standard cyclopedia of horticulture; a discussion, for the amateur, and the professional and commercial grower, of the kinds, characteristics and methods of cultivation of the species of plants grown in the regions of the United States a by L. H. Bailv.31729 BHL全球
97The Garden : an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches. v.81 1917430 BHL全球
98A naturalist in Western China : with vasculum, camera, and gun, being some account of eleven year's travel, exploration, and observation in the more remote parts of the flowery kingdom; with an introduction by Charles Sprague Sargent.1247 BHL全球
99Symbolae sinicae :botanische Ergebnisse der Expedition der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wein nach Südwest-China, 1914-1918 /herausgegeben von Heinrich Handel-Mazzetti ; unter mitarbeit von Viktor Brotherus ... [et al.].v.1-61926-1937167 BHL全球
100Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.58 (1923)1923606 BHL全球
藏药】秀巴才尖:枝叶治肾炎,水肿,淋病,风湿疼痛,炭疽病,创伤出血;果实治肝胆病,肾病,膀胱病,淋病,骨蒸,痛风,脾病;树脂治疮疡久溃不愈《藏本草》。巴朱木:带叶嫩枝及果实用于赤巴病扩散,皮肤瘙痒,痔疮《中国藏药》。
彝药】刺柏脂:分泌物用于肝胆湿热,全身黄染《哀牢》。
资源志】根、枝、叶:苦,寒。清热解毒,退热透疹,杀虫。用于低热不退,皮肤癣症,麻疹。