Pinus bungeana

名称状态:被SP2000收录,状态为:Pinus bungeana为接受名
科属名称:Pinaceae(松科)  松属
中文名:白皮松
形态描述:乔木,高达30米,胸径可达3米;有明显的主干,或从树干近基部分成数干;枝较细长,斜展,形成宽塔形至伞形树冠;幼树树皮光滑,灰绿色,长大后树皮成不规则的薄块片脱落,露出淡黄绿色的新皮,老则树皮呈淡褐灰色或灰白色,裂成不规则的鳞状块片脱落,脱落后近光滑,露出粉白色的内皮,白褐相间成斑鳞状;一年生枝灰绿色,无毛;冬芽红褐色,卵圆形,无树脂。针叶3针一束,粗硬,长5-10厘米,径1.5-2毫米,叶背及腹面两侧均有气孔线,先端尖,边缘有细锯齿;横切面扇状三角形或宽纺锤形,单层皮下层细胞,在背面偶尔出现1-2个断续分布的第二层细胞,树脂道6-7,边生,稀背面角处有1-2个中生;叶鞘脱落。雄球花卵圆形或椭圆形,长约l厘米,多数聚生于新枝基部成穗状,长5-10厘米。球果通常单生,初直立,后下垂,成熟前淡绿色,熟时淡黄褐色,卵圆形或圆锥状卵圆形,长5-7厘米,径4-6厘米,有短梗或几无梗;种鳞矩圆状宽楔形,先端厚,鳞盾近菱形,有横脊,鳞脐生于鳞盾的中央,明显,三角状,顶端有刺,刺之尖头向下反曲,稀尖头不明显;种子灰褐色,近倒卵圆形,长约1厘米,径5-6毫米,种翅短,赤褐色,有关节易脱落,长约5毫米;子叶9-11枚,针形,长3.1-3.7厘米,宽约1毫米,初生叶窄条形,长1.8-4厘米,宽不及1毫米,上下面均有气孔线,边缘有细锯齿。花期4-5月,球果第二年10-11月成熟。
国内分布:山东、山西、河南、陕西、甘肃、江苏、湖北、四川
全球观测记录分布(数据来自GBIF):
                    
序号标题卷册作者年份页码数据源
1浙江植物志,v1355 BHL中国
2安徽植物志,v1229 BHL中国
3北京植物志,v上册57 BHL中国
4福建植物志,v1285 BHL中国
5贵州植物志,v114 BHL中国
6河北植物志,v1181 BHL中国
7河南植物志,v1133 BHL中国
8江西植物志,v1427 BHL中国
9辽宁植物志151 BHL中国
10内蒙古植物志,v1260 BHL中国
11秦岭植物志,v1(1)13 BHL中国
12山东植物志,v上卷179 BHL中国
13四川植物志,v2107 BHL中国
14中国植物志,v7234 BHL中国
15Curtis's botanical magazine.v.135 [ser.4:v.5] (1909)1909详情 BHL全球
16The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.13 (1873)187387 BHL全球
17Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 30, Abt. 1 (1902)详情 BHL全球
18Sino-Iranica; Chinese contributions to the history of civilization in ancient Iran, with special reference to the history of cultivated plants and products / by Berthold Laufer --v.15:no.3(1919)365 BHL全球
19Sino-Iranica; Chinese contributions to the history of civilization in ancient Iran, with special reference to the history of cultivated plants and products / by Berthold Laufer --v.15:no.3(1919)619 BHL全球
20Seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture.14-25, 1909-191131 BHL全球
21Seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture.14-25, 1909-191163 BHL全球
22Seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture.14-25, 1909-1911BHL全球
23Seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture.14-25, 1909-191156 BHL全球
24Inventory of seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry.37-4795 BHL全球
25Inventory of seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry.37-4757 BHL全球
26Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze Valley, China. 195863 BHL全球
27Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze Valley, China. 1958608 BHL全球
28Experiment station record. 38, 1918253 BHL全球
29Experiment station record. 35, 1916-17745 BHL全球
30The illustrated dictionary of gardening :a practical and scientific encyclopædia of horticulture for gardeners and botanists /edited by George Nicholson ; assisted by J.W.H. Trail ... and J. Garrett ...v. 5Nicholson, G.1884140 BHL全球
31Forestry quarterly. 9, 1911210 BHL全球
32Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Section B,Adansonia, botanique, phytochimiev.11(1989)1989219 BHL全球
33Missouri Botanical Garden bulletin.v.92 (2004)200423 BHL全球
34Annual report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.1911552 BHL全球
35The art of beautifying suburban home grounds of small extent; the advantages of suburban homes over city or country homes; the comfort and economy of neighboring improvements; the choice and treatment of building sites; and the best modes of laying out, p614 BHL全球
36The trees of Great Britain & Ireland / by Henry John Elwes and Augustine Henry.51050 BHL全球
37The illustrated dictionary of gardening, a practical and scientific encyclopedia of horticulture for gardeners and botanists. Ed. by George Nicholson. Assisted by Professor J. W. H. Trail and J. Garrett.3140 BHL全球
38The art of beautifying suburban home grounds of small extent. Illustrated by upward of two hundred plates and engravings of plans for residences and their grounds, of trees and shrubs, and garden embellishments; with descriptions of the beautiful and hard614 BHL全球
39Hand-list of Coniferae : grown in the Royal botanic gardens. xxii BHL全球
40Hand-list of Coniferae : grown in the Royal botanic gardens. 109 BHL全球
41Chinese economic trees, 17 BHL全球
42Chinese economic trees, 11 BHL全球
43Chinese economic trees, 13 BHL全球
44Hand-list of Coniferae, grown in the Royal Botanic Gardens. 22 BHL全球
45American forests. 26657 BHL全球
46American forests. 26658 BHL全球
47Hand-list of Coniferae, grown in the Royal Botanic Gardens. 109 BHL全球
48Standardized plant names; a catalogue of approved scientific and common names of plants in American commerce. 257 BHL全球
49Standardized plant names; a catalogue of approved scientific and common names of plants in American commerce. 373 BHL全球
50The genus Pinus. 40 BHL全球
51Sino-Iranica; Chinese contributions to the history of civilization in ancient Iran, with special reference to the history of cultivated plants and products / by Berthold Laufer --v.15:no.3(1919)365 BHL全球
52Sino-Iranica; Chinese contributions to the history of civilization in ancient Iran, with special reference to the history of cultivated plants and products / by Berthold Laufer --v.15:no.3(1919)619 BHL全球
53Gardening for amateurs; a simple, complete, and practical guide for garden lovers, edited by H. H. Thomas. Illustrated by twenty-four coloured plates and many hundreds of photographs and sketches.2890 BHL全球
54American breeders magazine / American Breeders Association.v.1 1910191 BHL全球
55Veitch's manual of the coniferae : containing a general review of the order, a synopsis of the species cultivated in Great Britain, their botanical history, economic properties, place and use in arboriculture, etc. 316 BHL全球
56The Gardeners' chronicle : a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. ser.3 v.61-62 191757 BHL全球
57Veitch's manual of the coniferae : containing a general review of the order, a synopsis of the species cultivated in Great Britain, their botanical history, economic properties, place and use in arboriculture, etc. 316 BHL全球
58Forestry quarterly. 9210 BHL全球
59Bulletin. 1901-13. 201-21053 BHL全球
601997 IUCN red list of threatened plants199724 BHL全球
61A practical guide to garden plants, containing descriptions of the hardiest and most beautiful annuals and biennials, hardy herbaceous and bulbous perennials, hardy water and bog plants, flowering and ornamental trees and shrubs, conife 990 BHL全球
62The World List of Threatened Trees1998427 BHL全球
63The World List of Threatened Trees1998626 BHL全球
64The Gardeners' chronicle and agricultural gazette.1857322 BHL全球
65The Gardeners' chronicle and agricultural gazette.1857338 BHL全球
66The Gardeners' chronicle and agricultural gazette.1857362 BHL全球
67Torreya.v.40-41 1940-19411901-1945.52 BHL全球
资源志】果实(白松塔、松塔:):苦,温。镇咳,祛痰,平喘。用于咳嗽痰喘。