Pinus densata

名称状态:被SP2000收录,状态为:Pinus densata为接受名
科属名称:Pinaceae(松科)  松属
中文名:高山松
形态描述:乔木,高达30米,胸径达1.3米;树干下部树皮暗灰褐色,深裂成厚块片,上部树皮红色,裂成薄片脱落;一年生枝粗壮,黄褐色,有光泽,无毛,二、三年生枝皮逐渐脱落,内皮红色;冬芽卵状圆锥形或圆柱形,先端尖,微被树脂,芽鳞栗褐色,披针形,先端彼此散开,边缘白色丝状。针叶2针一束,稀3针一束或2针3针并存,粗硬,长6-15厘米,径1.2-1.5毫米,微扭曲,两面有气孔线,边缘锯齿锐利;横切面半圆形或扇状三角形,二型皮下层,第一层细胞连续,第二层不连续排列,稀有第三层细胞,树脂道3-7(-10)个,边生,稀角部的树脂道中生;叶鞘初呈淡褐色,老则暗灰褐色或黑褐色。球果卵圆形,长5-6厘米,径约4厘米,有短梗,熟时栗褐色,常向下弯垂;中部种鳞卵状矩圆形,长约2.5厘米,宽1.3厘米,鳞盾肥厚隆起,微反曲或不反曲,横脊显著,由鳞脐四周辐射状的纵横纹亦较明显,鳞脐突起,多有明显的刺状尖头;种子淡灰褐色,椭圆状卵圆形,微扁,长4-6毫米,宽3-4毫米,种翅淡紫色,长约2厘米。花期5月,球果第二年10月成熟。
国内分布:青海、四川、云南、西藏
全球观测记录分布(数据来自GBIF):
                    
序号标题卷册作者年份页码数据源
1横断山植物志,v上册200 BHL中国
2青海植物志,v151 BHL中国
3四川植物志,v2115 BHL中国
4西藏植物志,v1382 BHL中国
5中国植物志,v7253 BHL中国
6Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1913 v.1Sargent, C. S.1913BHL全球
7Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.85 (1998)1998555 BHL全球
8Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917628 BHL全球
9Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.1916650 BHL全球
10Bulletin de la Société botanique de France.v.54 (1907)1907568 BHL全球
11Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1913 v.1Sargent, C. S.1913599 BHL全球
12Repertorium novarum specierum regni vegetabilis.v.4 (1907)1907395 BHL全球
13Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.191617 BHL全球
14Repertorium specierum novarum regni vegetabilis.v.14 (1914-1916)1914-1916330 BHL全球
15Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.191611 BHL全球
16Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.191618 BHL全球
17The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.37 (1904)1904416 BHL全球
18The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.37 (1904)1904417 BHL全球
19The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.38 (1907-1909)1907-09199 BHL全球
20The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.38 (1907-1909)1907-09204 BHL全球
21Repertorium novarum specierum regni vegetabilis.v.4 (1907)1907108 BHL全球
22Repertorium novarum specierum regni vegetabilis.v.4 (1907)1907109 BHL全球
23Repertorium specierum novarum regni vegetabilis.v.1-10 (1905-1912)144 BHL全球
24Bulletin de la Société dendrologique de France.1-10173 BHL全球
25Bulletin de la Société dendrologique de France.31-4580 BHL全球
26Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.48 (1913)718 BHL全球
27Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 34, Abt. 3 (1906)1906BHL全球
28Great Basin naturalist memoirs.no.13:pt.2:v.A (1992)1992512 BHL全球
29Great Basin naturalist memoirs.no.13:pt.2:v.A (1992)1992566 BHL全球
30Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.7-8 (1926-1927)192623 BHL全球
31Mitteilungen der Deutschen Dendrologischen Gesellschaft. no.27-29 1918-19201892-49 BHL全球
32A handbook of Coniferae, including Ginkgoaceæ, by W. Dallimore and A. Bruce Jackson. With drawings by Miss G. Lister.including Ginkgoaceæ451 BHL全球
33Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1:1BHL全球
34Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.BHL全球
35Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.599 BHL全球
36Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.11 BHL全球
37Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.17 BHL全球
38Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.628 BHL全球
39Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.650 BHL全球
40The Gardeners' chronicle : a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. ser.3 v.56 191442 BHL全球
41Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.92 (2005)2005130 BHL全球
42The genus Pinus. 60 BHL全球
藏药】唐兴:松枝治“黄水”病,水肿病,虫病;煅炭后研细,治肛门湿疹,皮肤瘙痒;松香治“龙”病,“培根”病,“黄水”病,风湿性关节炎,腰肾疼痛,筋骨疼痛,碱中毒,疮疡久溃不愈;松球果用于咳嗽痰喘,气管炎,咽喉疼痛;松针治疗风湿关节痛,跌打瘀痛,流行性感冒,高血压,神经衰弱;松树皮用于骨折,外伤出血;松枝嫩尖配少许波棱瓜子,治胆囊炎;松花粉外用治疗痈疖毒疮,久溃不敛,外伤出血《藏本草》。松香、松明子、松叶、树皮、松节治关节炎,肾腰疼痛,风湿,扭伤,跌打瘀肿,水肿病,黄水病,刀伤出血,骨折,胆囊炎,支气管炎,咽喉疼痛《滇省志》。
资源志】花粉(松花粉):收敛,止血。外用于诸疮糜烂,创伤出血。叶(松针):苦、涩,温。祛风通络,活血消肿,止痛,安神。用于风湿痛,牙痛,跌打损伤,高血压症,肾虚,水肿。松节:用于风湿关节痛,骨折。