Pinus massoniana

名称状态:被SP2000收录,状态为:Pinus massoniana为接受名
科属名称:Pinaceae(松科)  松属
中文名:马尾松
形态描述:乔木,高达45米,胸径1.5米;树皮红褐色,下部灰褐色,裂成不规则的鳞状块片;枝平展或斜展,树冠宽塔形或伞形,枝条每年生长一轮,但在广东南部则通常生长两轮,淡黄褐色,无白粉,稀有白粉,无毛;冬芽卵状圆柱形或圆柱形,褐色,顶端尖,芽鳞边缘丝状,先端尖或成渐尖的长尖头,微反曲。针叶2针一束,稀3针一束,长12-20厘米,细柔,微扭曲,两面有气孔线,边缘有细锯齿;横切面皮下层细胞单型,第一层连续排列,第二层由个别细胞断续排列而成,树脂道约4-8个,在背面边生,或腹面也有2个边生;叶鞘初呈褐色,后渐变成灰黑色,宿存。雄球花淡红褐色,圆柱形,弯垂,长1-1.5厘米,聚生于新枝下部苞腋,穗状,长6-15厘米;雌球花单生或2-4个聚生于新枝近顶端,淡紫红色,一年生小球果圆球形或卵圆形,径约2厘米,褐色或紫褐色,上部珠鳞的鳞脐具向上直立的短刺,下部珠鳞的鳞脐平钝无刺。球果卵圆形或圆锥状卵圆形,长4-7厘米,径2.5-4厘米,有短梗,下垂,成熟前绿色,熟时栗褐色,陆续脱落;中部种鳞近矩圆状倒卵形,或近长方形,长约3厘米;鳞盾菱形,微隆起或平,横脊微明显,鳞脐微凹,无刺,生于干燥环境者常具极短的刺;种子长卵圆形,长4-6毫米,连翅长2-2.7厘米;子叶5-8枚;长1.2-2.4厘米;初生叶条形,长2.5-3.6厘米,叶缘具疏生刺毛状锯齿。花期4-5月,球果第二年10-12月成熟。
国内分布:河南、陕西、安徽、江苏、江西、浙江、湖南、湖北、贵州、四川、云南、福建、台湾、广东、广西、海南、澳门
全球观测记录分布(数据来自GBIF):
                    
序号标题卷册作者年份页码数据源
1浙江植物志,v1355 BHL中国
2安徽植物志,v1230 BHL中国
3安徽植物志,v1230 BHL中国
4福建植物志,v1285 BHL中国
5河南植物志,v1134 BHL中国
6横断山植物志,v上册200 BHL中国
7江西植物志,v1433 BHL中国
8秦岭植物志,v1(1)14 BHL中国
9四川植物志,v2109 BHL中国
10中国植物志,v7263 BHL中国
11Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.301957441 BHL全球
12Rhodorav.18 (1916)1916242 BHL全球
13Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.301957440 BHL全球
14Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.301957445 BHL全球
15Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.301957442 BHL全球
16The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.17 (1880)1880389 BHL全球
17Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.301957443 BHL全球
18Novon a journal of botanical nomenclature from the Missouri Botanical Garden.v. 13 20032003281 BHL全球
19The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.35 (1901-1904)1901-04611 BHL全球
20Novon a journal of botanical nomenclature from the Missouri Botanical Garden.v. 13 20032003285 BHL全球
21Novon a journal of botanical nomenclature from the Missouri Botanical Garden.v. 13 20032003287 BHL全球
22Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.301957436 BHL全球
23Contributions from the United States National Herbariumv.301957VI BHL全球
24Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 27, Abt. 1 (1899)详情 BHL全球
25Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). 351976BHL全球
26Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). 35197614 BHL全球
27Descriptive catalogue of the Formosan fungi / by Kaneyoshi Sawoda.48 BHL全球
28Descriptive catalogue of the Formosan fungi / by Kaneyoshi Sawoda.98 BHL全球
29Descriptive catalogue of the Formosan fungi / by Kaneyoshi Sawoda.120 BHL全球
30Descriptive catalogue of the Formosan fungi / by Kaneyoshi Sawoda.124 BHL全球
31Inventory of seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry.48-61, 1921-192265 BHL全球
32Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze Valley, China. 195863 BHL全球
33Botanisches Zentralblatt; referierendes Organ für das Gesamtgebiet der Botanik.jahrg. 23, bd. 89 (1902)1902379 BHL全球
34The Horticulturist and journal of rural art and rural taste. 1426 BHL全球
35Die Gartenwelt.8, 1903-1904584 BHL全球
36Gartenflora.50, 1901636 BHL全球
37Memoirs read before the Boston Society of Natural History.v. 5 (1895-1904)1895-1905115 BHL全球
38Great Basin naturalist memoirs.no.13:pt.2:v.B (1992)19921315 BHL全球
39Annual report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.1894629 BHL全球
40Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.64 (1983)1983BHL全球
41Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.64 (1983)198312 BHL全球
42Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.64 (1983)198340 BHL全球
43Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.61 (1980)198053 BHL全球
44Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.61 (1980)198071 BHL全球
45Journal of forestry. 19, 1921814 BHL全球
46A naturalist in western China, with vasculum, camera, and gun; being some account of eleven years' travel, exploration, and observation in the more remote parts of the Flowery kingdom, by Ernest Henry Wilson...with an introduction by Charles Sprague Sargev.2with vasculum详情 BHL全球
47Annual review & history of literature. VOL. 21804884 BHL全球
48Recueil de l'Institut botanique (Université de Bruxelles) t.7 19081902-1922.566 BHL全球
49Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 4th series.4th ser. v. 28 (1953-1956)195346 BHL全球
50Annual report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.1943345 BHL全球
51Annual report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.1943352 BHL全球
52Annual report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.1943353 BHL全球
53Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.70 (1983)1983512 BHL全球
54Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.70 (1983)1983518 BHL全球
55Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.70 (1983)1983546 BHL全球
56Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.70 (1983)1983571 BHL全球
57Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.70 (1983)1983572 BHL全球
58The Gardeners' chronicle : a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. n.s. v.13 1880337 BHL全球
59Pamphlets on silviculture. 131420 BHL全球
60Hand-list of Coniferae : grown in the Royal botanic gardens. 111 BHL全球
61Hand-list of Coniferae : grown in the Royal botanic gardens. 125 BHL全球
62The cruise of the Marchesa to Kamschatka & New Guinea : with notices of Formosa, Liu-Kiu, and various islands of the Malay archipelago / by F. H. H. Guillemard.153 BHL全球
63The cruise of the Marchesa to Kamschatka & New Guinea : with notices of Formosa, Liu-Kiu, and various islands of the Malay archipelago / by F. H. H. Guillemard.1282 BHL全球
64Chinese economic trees, 17 BHL全球
65Chinese economic trees, 11 BHL全球
66Chinese economic trees, 14 BHL全球
67Hortus Veitchii : a history of the rise and progress of the nurseries of Messrs. James Veitch and sons, together with an account of the botanical collectors and hybridists employed by them and a list of the most remark by James H. Veitch ; with fifty illu341 BHL全球
68Hortus Veitchii : a history of the rise and progress of the nurseries of Messrs. James Veitch and sons, together with an account of the botanical collectors and hybridists employed by them and a list of the most remark by James H. Veitch ; with fifty illu344 BHL全球
69The standard cyclopedia of horticulture; a discussion, for the amateur, and the professional and commercial grower, of the kinds, characteristics and methods of cultivation of the species of plants grown in the regions of the United States a Illustrated w21183 BHL全球
70Pamphlets on forestry in Hawaii. 247 BHL全球
71Chinese materia medica. extensively revised from F. Porter Smith's work by G. A. Stuart.333 BHL全球
72American forests. 26681 BHL全球
73Hand-list of Coniferae, grown in the Royal Botanic Gardens. 111 BHL全球
74Hand-list of Coniferae, grown in the Royal Botanic Gardens. 125 BHL全球
75Standardized plant names; a catalogue of approved scientific and common names of plants in American commerce. 373 BHL全球
76The genus Pinus. 52 BHL全球
77Illustrations of conifers / by H. Clinton-Baker.3详情 BHL全球
78Pflanzenphysiologie als Theorie der Gärtnerei. Für Botaniker, Gärtner, Landwirte, Forstleute und Pflanzenfreunde. 36 BHL全球
79Manual of plant diseases, by Paul Sorauer.144 BHL全球
80The standard cyclopedia of horticulture; a discussion, for the amateur, and the professional and commercial grower, of the kinds, characteristics and methods of cultivation of the species of plants grown in the regions of the United States a by L. H. Bailv.21183 BHL全球
81The Gardeners' chronicle : a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. ser.3 v.48 1910227 BHL全球
82The Gardeners' chronicle and agricultural gazette.18701468 BHL全球
83The Gardeners' chronicle and agricultural gazette.18701528 BHL全球
84The Gardeners' chronicle and agricultural gazette.18701530 BHL全球
85Mémoires du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle.t. 13 (1825)182546 BHL全球
86The agriculturist's manual : being a familiar description of the agricultural plants cultivated in Europe : including practical observations respecting those suited to the climate of Great Britain and forming a report of Lawson's by Peter Lawson & Son.348 BHL全球
87Mémoires du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle.t. 14 (1827)1827439 BHL全球
88The Florists' exchange : a weekly medium of interchange for florists, nurserymen, seedsmen and the trade in general. v.11 18991228 BHL全球
89The Gardener's monthly and horticulturist. v.26 188456 BHL全球
90The Garden : an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches. v.65 1904详情 BHL全球
91The Florists' exchange : a weekly medium of interchange for florists, nurserymen, seedsmen and the trade in general. v.14 1902详情 BHL全球
92The Garden : an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches. v.61 1902BHL全球
93The Garden : an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches. v.61 1902421 BHL全球
94The Annals and magazine of natural history; zoology, botany, and geology being a continuation of the Annals combined with Loudon and Charlesworth's Magazine of Natural History.6th ser. v. 13 (1894)400 BHL全球
95A naturalist in Western China : with vasculum, camera, and gun, being some account of eleven year's travel, exploration, and observation in the more remote parts of the flowery kingdom; with an introduction by Charles Sprague Sargent.2详情 BHL全球
96Tijdschrift voor entomologie.v. 101 19581958174 BHL全球
97Tijdschrift voor entomologie.v. 101 19581958354 BHL全球
98Manual of plant diseases, 144 BHL全球
99Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten.jahrg. 26, beiheft 2-3 (1908)1883450 BHL全球
100Stray feathers. Journal of ornithology for India and its dependencies. v. 9 (1880)140 BHL全球
藏药】仲象:分枝处的木材用于培根病与龙病并发症,黄水病《藏标》。仲象:节木用于风寒湿痹,关节积黄水,水肿,龙与培根并发症;球果用于咽喉疾病,肺部疾病;松脂用于风寒湿痹,疮疖溃烂,关节积黄水,筋络扭伤《中国藏药》。
侗药】Av meix sangc begs,架从柏(AV songc begs),美柄松(Meix beens songc):枝、叶、茎皮主治北刀(跌伤)《侗医学》。美从,美松柏,美庄:根、根皮、树皮、嫩梢、叶、果实治风湿,跌打肿痛,风疹,睾丸炎,烧烫伤,骨折,稻田皮炎,解毒《桂药编》。
畲药】针、松花粉、松树皮、松子仁、松节、松塔治疗感冒,跌打肿痛,夜盲症,风湿关节痛,烧烫伤,皮肤溃烂,小儿湿疹,肺热咳嗽,慢性便秘,慢性气管炎,哮喘《畲医药》。
水药】贵梅梭:松节治风湿关节炎《水医药》。
仫佬药】美宗别:根、根皮、树皮、嫩梢、叶、果实治腹泻《桂药编》。
瑶药】棵给,松浆:根、根皮、树皮、嫩梢、叶、果实治气管炎咳嗽,神经衰弱失眠,咳嗽,鼻衄,跌打损伤《桂药编》。
壮药】美仲:根、根皮、树皮、嫩梢、叶、果实治风湿,跌打肿痛,风疹,睾丸炎,烧烫伤,骨折《桂药编》。
资源志】根(松根):苦,温。祛风,燥湿,舒筋,通络。用于风湿骨痛,风痹,跌打损伤,外伤出血,痔疮。节(油松节):苦,温。祛风除湿,活络止痛。用于风湿关节痛,腰腿痛,骨痛,跌打肿痛。叶(松针):苦、涩,温。祛风活血,安神,解毒止痒。用于感冒,风湿关节痛,跌打肿痛,高血压症;外用于冻疮,湿疹,疥癣。树皮(松树皮):苦、涩,温。收敛止血。用于筋骨损伤;外用于疮疽初起,头癣,瘾疹烦痒,金疮出血。果实(松果):苦,温。用于风痹,肠燥便难,痔疮。种子(松子仁):甘,温。润肺,滑肠。用于肺燥咳嗽,慢性便秘。花粉(松花粉):燥湿