Pinus yunnanensis

名称状态:被SP2000收录,状态为:Pinus yunnanensis为接受名
科属名称:Pinaceae(松科)  松属
中文名:云南松
形态描述:乔木,高达30米,胸径1米;树皮褐灰色,深纵裂,裂片厚或裂成不规则的鳞状块片脱落;枝开展,稍下垂;一年生枝粗壮,淡红褐色,无毛,二、三年生枝上苞片状的鳞叶脱落露出红褐色内皮;冬芽圆锥状卵圆形,粗大,红褐色,无树脂,芽鳞披针形,先端渐尖,散开或部分反曲,边缘有白色丝状毛齿。针叶通常3针一束,稀2针一束,常在枝上宿存三年,长10-30厘米,径约1.2毫米,先端尖,背腹面均有气孔线,边缘有细锯齿;横切面扇状三角形或半圆形,二型皮下层细胞,第一层细胞连续排列,其下有散生细胞,树脂道约4-5个,中生与边生并存(中生者通常位于角部);叶鞘宿存。雄球花圆柱状,长约1.5厘米,生于新枝下部的苞腋内,聚集成穗状. 球果成熟前绿色,熟时褐色或栗褐色,圆锥状卵圆形,长5-11厘米,有短梗,长约5毫米;中部种鳞矩圆状椭圆形,长约3厘米,宽约1.5厘米,鳞盾通常肥厚、隆起,稀反曲,有横脊,鳞脐微凹或微隆起,有短刺;种子褐色,近卵圆形或倒卵形,微扁,长4-5毫米,连翅长1.6-1.9厘米;子叶6-8枚,长2.8-3.8厘米,边缘具疏毛状细锯齿;初生叶窄条形,长2.5-5厘米,较柔软。花期4-5月,球果第二年10月成熟。
国内分布:贵州、四川、云南、西藏、广西
全球观测记录分布(数据来自GBIF):
                    
序号标题卷册作者年份页码数据源
1贵州植物志,v115 BHL中国
2横断山植物志,v上册201 BHL中国
3江西植物志,v1436 BHL中国
4四川植物志,v2120 BHL中国
5西藏植物志,v1383 BHL中国
6中国植物志,v7255 BHL中国
7Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1913 v.1Sargent, C. S.1913BHL全球
8Bulletin de la Société botanique de France.v.46 (1899)1899520 BHL全球
9Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917628 BHL全球
10Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.1916650 BHL全球
11Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1913 v.1Sargent, C. S.1913599 BHL全球
12Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.191617 BHL全球
13The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.38 (1907-1909)1907-09199 BHL全球
14Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.191611 BHL全球
15The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.35 (1901-1904)1901-04577 BHL全球
16The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.35 (1901-1904)1901-04630 BHL全球
17The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.37 (1904)1904415 BHL全球
18The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.37 (1904)1904416 BHL全球
19The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.38 (1907-1909)1907-09204 BHL全球
20Symbolae sinicae :botanische Ergebnisse der Expedition der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wein nach Südwest-China, 1914-1918 /herausgegeben von Heinrich Handel-Mazzetti ; unter mitarbeit von Viktor Brotherus ... [et al.].v.7 pt.1-3192922 BHL全球
21Symbolae sinicae :botanische Ergebnisse der Expedition der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wein nach Südwest-China, 1914-1918 /herausgegeben von Heinrich Handel-Mazzetti ; unter mitarbeit von Viktor Brotherus ... [et al.].v.7 pt.1-3192934 BHL全球
22Symbolae sinicae :botanische Ergebnisse der Expedition der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wein nach Südwest-China, 1914-1918 /herausgegeben von Heinrich Handel-Mazzetti ; unter mitarbeit von Viktor Brotherus ... [et al.].v.7 pt.1-31929159 BHL全球
23Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.29 (1901)1901215 BHL全球
24Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 27, Abt. 1 (1899)详情 BHL全球
25Transactions and proceedings of the New Zealand Institute.v. 48 (1915)221 BHL全球
26Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder.Jahrg. 42, Abt. 2 (1914)1914BHL全球
27Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.48 (1913)718 BHL全球
28Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.48 (1913)722 BHL全球
29Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.48 (1913)758 BHL全球
30Die Gartenwelt.21, 191768 BHL全球
31Irish gardening. 17, 192218 BHL全球
32Great Basin naturalist memoirs.no.13:pt.2:v.A (1992)1992512 BHL全球
33Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.7-8 (1926-1927)192623 BHL全球
34Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.7-8 (1926-1927)192643 BHL全球
35Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.7-8 (1926-1927)192646 BHL全球
36Great Basin naturalist memoirs.no.13:pt.2:v.B (1992)19921319 BHL全球
37Bulletin of miscellaneous information /Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.1915191575 BHL全球
38A handbook of Coniferae, including Ginkgoaceæ, by W. Dallimore and A. Bruce Jackson. With drawings by Miss G. Lister.including Ginkgoaceæ451 BHL全球
39Unsere Freiland-Nadelhölzer; Anzucht, Pflege und Verwendung aller bekannten in Mitteleuropa im Freien kulturfähigen Nadelholzer mit Einschlusz von Ginkgo und Ephedra unter Mitwirkung von Adolf Cielsar [et al.]. Im Auftrage der dendrologischen Gesellschaft191365 BHL全球
40Symbolae sinicae :botanische Ergebnisse der Expedition der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wein nach Südwest-China, 1914-1918 /herausgegeben von Heinrich Handel-Mazzetti ; unter mitarbeit von Viktor Brotherus ... [et al.].v.1-61926-193750 BHL全球
41Symbolae sinicae :botanische Ergebnisse der Expedition der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wein nach Südwest-China, 1914-1918 /herausgegeben von Heinrich Handel-Mazzetti ; unter mitarbeit von Viktor Brotherus ... [et al.].v.1-61926-193761 BHL全球
42Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.70 (1983)1983503 BHL全球
43Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.70 (1983)1983539 BHL全球
44Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.70 (1983)1983546 BHL全球
45Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1:1BHL全球
46Standardized plant names; a catalogue of approved scientific and common names of plants in American commerce. 374 BHL全球
47Fremdländische Wald- und Parkbäume für Europa. 373 BHL全球
48Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.BHL全球
49Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.599 BHL全球
50Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.11 BHL全球
51Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.17 BHL全球
52Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.628 BHL全球
53Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.650 BHL全球
54The Gardeners' chronicle : a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. ser.3 v.38 1905详情 BHL全球
55The Gardeners' chronicle : a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. ser.3 v.38 1905详情 BHL全球
56The Gardeners' chronicle : a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. ser.3 v.68 1920302 BHL全球
57The Gardeners' chronicle : a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. ser.3 v.38 1905225 BHL全球
58The Gardeners' chronicle : a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. ser.3 v.38 1905226 BHL全球
59The Gardeners' chronicle : a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. ser.3 v.39 190643 BHL全球
60The Gardeners' chronicle : a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. ser.3 v.44 1908394 BHL全球
61The Garden : an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches. v.80 1916508 BHL全球
62Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.84 (1997)1997885 BHL全球
631997 IUCN red list of threatened plants199726 BHL全球
64Trees and shrubs, hardy in the British isles. 2193 BHL全球
藏药】仲象:节木用于风寒湿痹,关节积黄水,水肿,龙与培根并发症;球果用于咽喉疾病,肺部疾病;松脂用于风寒湿痹,疮疖溃烂,关节积黄水,筋络扭伤《中国藏药》。松香治“龙病”,“培根病”,“黄水”病,关节炎,肾腰疼痛;松节油搽治风湿,扭伤;松明子(树受伤后流出的汁液)治关节炎,跌打淤肿;松节治水肿病,“黄水病”;松叶治骨折;嫩松尖配少许波棱瓜子治胆囊炎;松球果治支气管炎,咽喉疼痛[145]。
彝药】特玛:种子用于脖子哑(扁桃体炎)《彝植药续》。塌戎:松节治风湿关节痛,腰腿痛,转筋挛急,鹤膝风,跌打肿痛;花粉治胃,十二指肠溃疡,中耳炎,鼻炎,外伤出血,湿疹,皮肤溃疡;松针治流行性感冒,风湿关节炎,夜盲症,高血压,神经衰弱;松香治痈疖疮疡,湿疹,外伤出血,烧烫伤;根或根皮治筋骨疼痛,劳伤吐血;松笔头治风湿关节痛,骨折,便浊,膏淋,解木薯,钩吻中毒《滇省志》。塔茸:松树上寄生全株用于消炎解毒,肾炎《滇药录》。
佤药】考机:功用同彝族《滇省志》、《滇药录》。
傣药】别打:功用同彝族《滇省志》。
傈僳药】吐,陀马布(花粉):花粉治头痛目眩,中虚胃痛,久痢,诸疮湿烂,外伤出血,十二指肠溃疡,慢性便秘,解酒毒,黄水疮湿烂不结痂,心神不宁,心慌心跳《滇药录》。做吐(嫩尖)医药止咳退烧[145]。
普米药】陀马科(树尖):树尖治风湿痿痹,跌打损伤,骨折,失眠,多梦,浮肿,湿疮疥癣,流脑,流感,钩虫病《滇药录》。陀马布(花粉)治头痛目眩,中虚胃痛,久痢,暗疮湿烂,外伤出血,十二指肠溃疡,慢性便秘,解酒毒,黄水疮溃烂不结痂,心神不宁,心慌心跳;“陀马科”(树尖)治风湿,瘟病,跌打损伤,骨折,失眠,多梦,浮肿,湿疮疥癣,流脑,钩虫病[145]。
基诺药】特苏:松明泡酒治风湿腰痛;根或皮治咳嗽《基诺药》。
侗药】考机:花粉用于治疗外伤[145]。
白药】黄粉:花粉用于治疗口腔溃疡[145]。