Sabina chinensis

名称状态:被SP2000收录,状态为:Sabina chinensis为异名,其接受名为:Juniperus chinensis
科属名称:Cupressaceae(柏科)  圆柏属
中文名
形态描述:乔木,高达20米,胸径达3.5米;树皮深灰色,纵裂,成条片开裂;幼树的枝条通常斜上伸展,形成尖塔形树冠,老则下部大枝平展,形成广圆形的树冠;树皮灰褐色,纵裂,裂成不规则的薄片脱落;小枝通常直或稍成弧状弯曲,生鳞叶的小枝近圆柱形或近四棱形,径1-1.2毫米。叶二型,即刺叶及鳞叶;刺叶生于幼树之上,老龄树则全为鳞叶,壮龄树兼有刺叶与鳞叶;生于一年生小枝的一回分枝的鳞叶三叶轮生,直 伸而紧密,近披针形,先端微渐尖,长2.5-5毫米,背面近中部有椭圆形微凹的腺体;刺叶三叶交互轮生,斜展,疏松,披针形,先端渐尖,长6-12毫米,上面微凹,有两条白粉带。雌雄异株,稀同株,雄球花黄色,椭圆形,长2.5-3.5毫米,雄蕊5-7对,常有3-4花药。球果近圆球形,径6-8毫米,两年成熟,熟时暗褐色,被白粉或白粉脱落,有1-4粒种子;种子卵圆形,扁,顶端钝,有棱脊及少数树脂槽;子叶2枚,出土,条形,长1.3-1.5厘米,宽约1毫米,先端锐尖,下面有两条白色气孔带,上面则不明显。
国内分布
全球观测记录分布(数据来自GBIF):
                    
序号标题卷册作者年份页码数据源
1浙江植物志,v1377 BHL中国
2安徽植物志,v1249 BHL中国
3北京植物志,v上册67 BHL中国
4福建植物志,v1310 BHL中国
5贵州植物志,v127 BHL中国
6河北植物志,v1187 BHL中国
7河南植物志,v1148 BHL中国
8横断山植物志,v上册208 BHL中国
9江西植物志,v1479 BHL中国
10辽宁植物志167 BHL中国
11内蒙古植物志,v1268 BHL中国
12秦岭植物志,v1(1)22 BHL中国
13山东植物志,v上卷217 BHL中国
14四川植物志,v2190 BHL中国
15西藏植物志,v1389 BHL中国
16中国植物志,v7362 BHL中国
17Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.191661 BHL全球
18Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.1916656 BHL全球
19Biochemical systematics [by] Ralph E. Alston [and] B. L. Turner.1963220 BHL全球
20Great Basin naturalist memoirs.no.13:pt.2:v.A (1992)1992250 BHL全球
21Österreichische botanische Zeitschrift.v.15 (1865)1865123 BHL全球
22Arboretum et fruticetum Britannicum; or, The trees and shrubs of Britain, native and foreign, hardy and half-hardy, pictorially and botanically delineated, and scientifically and popularly described; with their propagation, culture, mana v.41854.2619 BHL全球
23Frilands-traevaexten i Danmark : veiledning til kundskab om de traeer og buske, som kunne dyrkes i friland in Danmark / af A.S. Ørsted.hefte 1-21864-[1867].BHL全球
24Frilands-traevaexten i Danmark : veiledning til kundskab om de traeer og buske, som kunne dyrkes i friland in Danmark / af A.S. Ørsted.hefte 1-21864-[1867].BHL全球
25Frilands-traevaexten i Danmark : veiledning til kundskab om de traeer og buske, som kunne dyrkes i friland in Danmark / af A.S. Ørsted.hefte 1-21864-[1867].BHL全球
26Isis von Oken.v.26 18331820-1848.486 BHL全球
27Handbuch der Nadelholzkunde. Systematik, Beschreibung, Verwendung und Kultur der Freiland-Coniferen. Für Gärtner Forstleute und Botaniker, bearbeitet von L. Beissner.1891118 BHL全球
28The conifers and taxads of Japan. Issued December 30, 1916. 85 BHL全球
29The conifers and taxads of Japan. Issued December 30, 1916. 91 BHL全球
30Dendrologie; Bäume, Sträucher und Halbsträucher, welche in Mittel- und Nord- Europa im Freien kultivirt werden. 2136 BHL全球
31Handbuch der Nadelholzkunde; Systematik, Beschreibung, Verwendung und Kultur der Ginkgoaceen, Freiland-Coniferen und Gnetaceen, für Gärtner. Forstleute und Botaniker. 603 BHL全球
32The trees of Great Britain & Ireland / by Henry John Elwes and Augustine Henry.61430 BHL全球
33Pamphlets on forestry in Japan. 285 BHL全球
34Pamphlets on forestry in Japan. 291 BHL全球
35Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.61 BHL全球
36Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.646 BHL全球
37Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.656 BHL全球
38Oesterreichische botanische Zeitschrift. v.15 18651858-123 BHL全球
39Flora of Japan : in English : combined, much revised and extended translation / by the author of his Flora of Japan (1953) and Flora of Japan, Pteridophyta (1957) ; edited by Frederick G. Meyer and Egbert H. Walker.117 BHL全球
40Flora of Japan : in English : combined, much revised and extended translation / by the author of his Flora of Japan (1953) and Flora of Japan, Pteridophyta (1957) ; edited by Frederick G. Meyer and Egbert H. Walker.1049 BHL全球
41Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington.v. 107 (2005)256 BHL全球
瑶药】柏枝:叶用于内痔大便出血《桂药编》。
藏药】秀巴:叶用于肾病,炭疽病,痈疖肿毒;球果用于肝,胆,肺之热症,风寒湿痹《中国藏药》。枝叶、树皮治疗风寒感冒,肺结核,尿路感染,荨麻疹,风湿关节痛《滇省志》。
资源志】树皮、枝叶(桧叶):苦、辛,温。有小毒。祛风散寒,活血消肿,解毒,利尿。用于风寒感冒,风湿关节痛,小便淋痛,瘾疹。