Cercis chinensis


中文名:紫荆
形态描述:先花后叶,无论枝、干,布满紫花,甚为美观,叶心形。落叶灌木或小乔木,高达15米。丛生,树皮幼时暗灰色、光滑,老时粗糙呈片裂。单叶互生,全缘,近圆形,先端急尖,基部心脏形,表面光滑有光泽,叶主脉掌状,5~7条,背面隆起。为茎花植物,4月先叶开花,紫红色,4~10朵簇生于枝条或老干上。果期8~9月,荚果扁平。变种白花紫荆(cv.alba),花白色。
生态习性:喜光,耐干旱瘠薄,不耐水涝
繁殖培育:繁殖法:播种、分株栽培要点:冬施基肥,花后疏散修剪,移植带好土球
园林用途:早春开花,适庭院、草坪、宅旁、路边种植,亦要列植作花径。
产地分布:湖北西部、辽宁南部、河北、陕西、河南、甘肃、广东、云南、四川等省
                    
序号标题卷册作者年份页码数据源
1浙江植物志,v3278 BHL中国
2安徽植物志,v3115 BHL中国
3北京植物志,v上册420 BHL中国
4福建植物志,v321 BHL中国
5贵州植物志,v7320 BHL中国
6河北植物志,v1691 BHL中国
7秦岭植物志,v1(3)BHL中国
8山东植物志367 BHL中国
9中国植物志,v39144 BHL中国
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11Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1916 v.2Sargent, C. S.1916635 BHL全球
12Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917447 BHL全球
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17Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917472 BHL全球
18Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917562 BHL全球
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21Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917594 BHL全球
22The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany.v.23 (1886-1888)1886-88213 BHL全球
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50Horticulture. 9, 1909详情 BHL全球
51The Horticulturist and journal of rural art and rural taste. 11578 BHL全球
52Missouri Botanical Garden bulletin.v.63 (1974-1975)1974BHL全球
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69A manual of poisonous plants : chiefly of eastern North America, with brief notes on economic and medicinal plants, and numerous illustrations / by L. H. Pammel.pt.21910-11.830 BHL全球
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72Index plantarum Japonicarum, sive, Enumeratio plantarum omnium ex insulis Kurile, Yezo, Nippon, Sikoku, Kiusiu, Liukiu, et Formosa hucusque cognitarum systematice et alphabetice disposita adjectis synonymis selectis, nominibus Ja auctore J. Matsumura.v.2 pt.2253 BHL全球
73Circular / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Division of Entomology.no. 32 3rd rev.10 BHL全球
74Arboretum et fruticetum Britannicum; or, The trees and shrubs of Britain, native and foreign, hardy and half-hardy, pictorially and botanically delineated, and scientifically and popularly described; with their propagation, culture, mana v.11854.176 BHL全球
75Handbuch der Laubholzkunde. Beschreibung der in Deutschland heimischen und im Freien kultivierten Bäume und Sträucher. Für Botaniker, Gärtner und Forstleute bearbeitet von Leopold Dippel.v.31889-1893.653 BHL全球
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77Lists of plant types for landscape planting; the materials of planting for ornament listed according to their various uses, by Stephen F. Hamblin.1923详情 BHL全球
78Lists of plant types for landscape planting; the materials of planting for ornament listed according to their various uses, by Stephen F. Hamblin.1923详情 BHL全球
79Lists of plant types for landscape planting; the materials of planting for ornament listed according to their various uses, by Stephen F. Hamblin.1923详情 BHL全球
80Lists of plant types for landscape planting; the materials of planting for ornament listed according to their various uses, by Stephen F. Hamblin.1923详情 BHL全球
81Lists of plant types for landscape planting; the materials of planting for ornament listed according to their various uses, by Stephen F. Hamblin.1923详情 BHL全球
82Mitteilungen der Deutschen Dendrologischen Gesellschaft. no.18-20 1909-19111892-347 BHL全球
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89Trees, shrubs and vines of the northeastern United States; their characteristic landscape features fully described for identification by the non-botanical reader; together with an account of the principal foreign hardy trees, shrubs and vines cultivated i175 BHL全球
90Arboretum et fruticetum britannicum; or, The trees and shrubs of Britain, native and foreign, hardy and half-hardy, pictorially and botanically delineated, and scientifically and popularly described; with their propagation, culture, mana 1176 BHL全球
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92Trees, shrubs and vines of the northeastern United States; their characteristic landscape features fully described for identification by the non-botanical reader; together with an account of the principal foreign hardy trees, shrubs and vines cultivated i175 BHL全球
93The illustrated dictionary of gardening, a practical and scientific encyclopedia of horticulture for gardeners and botanists. Ed. by George Nicholson. Assisted by Professor J. W. H. Trail and J. Garrett.1298 BHL全球
94Lists of plant types for landscape planting; the materials of planting for ornament listed according to their various uses, by Stephen F. Hamblin.11 BHL全球
95Hand-list of Coniferae : grown in the Royal botanic gardens. 205 BHL全球
96Lists of plant types for landscape planting; the materials of planting for ornament listed according to their various uses, by Stephen F. Hamblin.31 BHL全球
97Lists of plant types for landscape planting; the materials of planting for ornament listed according to their various uses, by Stephen F. Hamblin.47 BHL全球
98Lists of plant types for landscape planting; the materials of planting for ornament listed according to their various uses, by Stephen F. Hamblin.51 BHL全球
99Lists of plant types for landscape planting; the materials of planting for ornament listed according to their various uses, by Stephen F. Hamblin.68 BHL全球
100Chinese economic trees, 22 BHL全球
侗药】奴紫金Nugs zix jenh,华紫金(Wap zix jenh) :花及树皮主治乍形没正(月经不调) ,吓谬吕,给盘(便血) 《侗医学》。
资源志】树皮(紫荆皮):苦,平。活血通经,消肿解毒。用于风寒湿痹,经闭,血气痛,喉痹,淋证,痈肿,癣疥,跌打损伤,蛇虫咬伤。 木部(紫荆木):苦,平。活血,通淋。 用于痛经,瘀血腹痛,淋证。 花(紫荆花):清热凉血,祛风解毒。用于风湿筋骨痛,鼻中疳疮。 果实(紫荆果):用于咳嗽,孕妇心痛。