Liriodendron chinense


中文名:鹅掌楸
形态描述:落叶乔木,高可大42m,胸径1.5m。树皮淡灰褐色,间有白色,平滑或浅纵裂。主干耸直,树姿端正,小枝灰色或灰褐色,老龄时枝条水平开展或略下垂,故形成圆锥行或长椭圆行两种树冠。叶中间两侧各1裂片,,似马褂形,长4-12(18)cm,老叶下面密被乳头状突起的白粉点;叶柄长4-8(16)cm。花单生枝端,杯状,径5-6cm,花被片9,倒卵形,长3-4cm,花丝长约5mm,花被外面淡绿,内壁橙黄色,具清香。聚合果,长7-9cm,翅状小坚果,先端或钝尖。
生态习性:喜光,喜疏松肥沃,忌水湿及盐碱地,速生。
繁殖培育:选择不积水的坡地或台地,土壤宜微酸性或中性,造林密度4×2~3米。穴栽50×50×40厘米,栽植后头三年应每年进行抚育。
园林用途:是我国著名的优良用材、绿化树种
产地分布:湖北、江西、福建及长江中下游各省市皆有其自然分布区
                    
序号标题卷册作者年份页码数据源
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2安徽植物志,v2250 BHL中国
3福建植物志,v261 BHL中国
4贵州植物志,v4133 BHL中国
5河南植物志,v1517 BHL中国
6江西植物志,v255 BHL中国
7辽宁植物志456 BHL中国
8山东植物志82 BHL中国
9中国植物志,v30(1)196 BHL中国
10Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1913 v.1Sargent, C. S.1913410 BHL全球
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12Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.80 (1993)1993980 BHL全球
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17Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917468 BHL全球
18Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.80 (1993)1993979 BHL全球
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21Plantae Wilsonianae :an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.1917 v.3Sargent, C. S.1917472 BHL全球
22Illustriertes Handbuch der Laubholzkunde :Charakteristik der in Mitteleuropa heimischen und im freien angepflanzten angiospermen Gehölz-Arten und Formen mit Ausschluss der Bambuseen und Kakteen /von Camillo Karl Schneider ...vol. 1Schneider, C. K.1906340 BHL全球
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25Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.80 (1993)1993988 BHL全球
26Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.80 (1993)1993979 BHL全球
27Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.80 (1993)1993980 BHL全球
28Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.80 (1993)1993988 BHL全球
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31Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.80 (1993)19931098 BHL全球
32Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.86 (1999)1999487 BHL全球
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45Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.11-12 (1930-1931)1930186 BHL全球
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49Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.36 (1955)1955123 BHL全球
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52Journal of the Arnold Arboretum.v.61 (1980)198049 BHL全球
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54North American trees (exclusive of Mexico and tropical United States) A handbook designed for field use, with plates and distribution maps.1961235 BHL全球
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58Brooklyn Botanic Garden record.v.23 (1933-1934)193477 BHL全球
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60Bulletin of miscellaneous information /Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.19111911383 BHL全球
61A naturalist in western China, with vasculum, camera, and gun; being some account of eleven years' travel, exploration, and observation in the more remote parts of the Flowery kingdom, by Ernest Henry Wilson...with an introduction by Charles Sprague Sargev.2with vasculum219 BHL全球
62A naturalist in western China, with vasculum, camera, and gun; being some account of eleven years' travel, exploration, and observation in the more remote parts of the Flowery kingdom, by Ernest Henry Wilson...with an introduction by Charles Sprague Sargev.1with vasculum31 BHL全球
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78Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.70 (1983)1983664 BHL全球
79Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardenv.70 (1983)1983665 BHL全球
80Chinese economic trees, 21 BHL全球
81Chinese economic trees, 137 BHL全球
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83Hortus Veitchii : a history of the rise and progress of the nurseries of Messrs. James Veitch and sons, together with an account of the botanical collectors and hybridists employed by them and a list of the most remark by James H. Veitch ; with fifty illu368 BHL全球
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88Illustriertes Handbuch der Laubholzkunde; Charakteristik der in Mitteleuropa heimischen und im Freien angepflanzten angiospermen Gehölz-Arten und Formen mit Ausschluss der Bambuseen und Kakteen. Register. 1340 BHL全球
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91Fremdländische Wald- und Parkbäume für Europa. 612 BHL全球
92A manual of poisonous plants, chiefly of eastern North America, with brief notes on economic and medicinal plants, and numerous illustrations, by L.H. Pammel950 BHL全球
93Unsere Freiland-Laubgehölze; Anzucht, Pflege und Verwendung aller Bekannten in Mitteleuropa im freien kulturfähigen Laubgehölze, unter mitwirkung von István graf Ambrózy-Migazzi, Georg Arends [et.al.] Hrsg. von Ernst graf Silva Tarouca und Camillo Schneid249 BHL全球
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96Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.472 BHL全球
97Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.482 BHL全球
98Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.528 BHL全球
99Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.410 BHL全球
100Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent.564 BHL全球
苗药】树皮治因受水湿风寒所引的起的咳嗽,气急,口渴,四肢微浮;根能祛风除湿,强筋壮骨《湘蓝考》。
土家药】通草卡蒙(tong cao ka mong):果实、叶治疗咳嗽,呼吸道感染《土家药》。