Platanus hispanica


中文名:悬铃木
形态描述:落叶大乔木,高可达35米。枝条开展,树冠广阔,呈长椭圆形。树皮灰绿或灰白色,片状脱落。柄下芽。单叶互生,叶大,掌状5-9裂,幼时密生星状柔毛,后脱落。花期4-5月,头状花序球形。球果下垂,通常2球一串。9-10月果熟,坚果基部有长毛。
生态习性:喜光。喜湿润温暖气候,较耐寒。适生于微酸性或中性、排水良好的土壤,微碱性土壤虽能生长,但易发生黄化。根系分布较浅,台风时易受害而倒斜。抗空气污染能力较强,叶片具吸收有毒气体和滞积灰尘的作用。
繁殖培育:采用随剪截随扦插的方法进行繁殖
园林用途:悬铃木树形雄伟,枝叶茂密,最宜作行道树及庭荫树,有“行道树之王”之称。
产地分布:相传原产我国,后由英国引种后经杂交培育而成,现广植于世界各地。
序号标题卷册作者年份页码数据源
1安徽植物志,v2486 BHL中国
2福建植物志,v2263 BHL中国
3辽宁植物志671 BHL中国
4Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie.v.11 (1890)1890449 BHL全球
5Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis, sive, Enumeratio contracta ordinum generum specierumque plantarum huc usque cognitarium, juxta methodi naturalis, normas digesta /auctore Aug. Pyramo de Candolle.v. 16 pt. 2A. L. P. P. de Candolle (ed.)1824159 BHL全球
6Bulletin of miscellaneous information /Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.1920192035 BHL全球
7Arboretum et fruticetum Britannicum; or, The trees and shrubs of Britain, native and foreign, hardy and half-hardy, pictorially and botanically delineated, and scientifically and popularly described; with their propagation, culture, mana v.11854.详情 BHL全球
8The Phytologist: a botanical journal.v.4 (1860)175 BHL全球
9Hand-list of Coniferae : grown in the Royal botanic gardens. 637 BHL全球
10Nature. 103335 BHL全球
11The trees of Great Britain & Ireland / by Henry John Elwes and Augustine Henry.3614 BHL全球
12Hand-list of trees and shrubs, excluding Coniferae, grown in Arboretum. 637 BHL全球
13Arboretum et fruticetum britannicum; or, The trees and shrubs of Britain, native and foreign, hardy and half-hardy, pictorially and botanically delineated, and scientifically and popularly described; with their propagation, culture, mana 1clii BHL全球
14Hortus lignosus londinensis: or, A catalogue of all the ligneous plants, indigenous and foreign, hardy and half-hardy, cultivated in the gardens and grounds in the neighbourhood of London: with all their synonymes, scientific and By J. C. Loudon.116 BHL全球
15The Gardeners' chronicle : a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. ser.3 v.71-72 192221 BHL全球
16Histoire naturelle des végétaux: Phanérogames. v.111834-1848.79 BHL全球
17The garden... 114 BHL全球
18The Gardeners' chronicle and agricultural gazette.1856185686 BHL全球
19The Gardeners' chronicle and agricultural gazette.18561856282 BHL全球